My Letter to President Trump Requesting Targeted Sanctions Against the TPLF in Ethiopia – By Alemayehu G. Mariam

Filed under: Opinion |

October 2, 2017

Donald Trump
President of the United States
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500

Re: REQUEST FOR SANCTIONS AGAINST PERSONS AND ENTITIES INVOLVED IN THE IRRECHA MASSACRES ON OCTOBER 2, 2016 AND OTHER CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY COMMITTED IN ETHIOPIA

Dear Mr. President:

I am writing this letter for two purposes. First, I wish to thank you for imposing sanctions[1] on certain senior current and former South Sudan government officials and South Sudanese companies responsible for undermining peace, security and stability in that violence-wracked country.

Second, I am writing to request imposition of similar sanctions against members of the ruling regime in Ethiopia self-styled as the “Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front” led and dominated by the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), an entity listed as a terrorist organization in the Global Terrorism Database[2] (GTD).

The last act of terrorism committed by the TPLF, according to the GTD, was on August 16, 2016[3].

I believe it is fair and proper to give credit where credit is due. While some have claimed the sanctions imposed on South Sudan’s leaders and their accomplices are meager and inadequate[4], I believe the action sends a clear and unambiguous message to all Africans in positions of power that protection of human rights is a central component of an America-first U.S. foreign policy in Africa, a fact that has been underscored by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson[5].

I am especially elated to learn the U.S. Treasury Department “will forcefully respond to the atrocities ongoing in South Sudan by targeting those who abuse human rights, seek to derail the peace process, and obstruct reconciliation in South Sudan.” Such a resolute statement goes a long way in reassuring not only the people of South Sudan but also all Africans that the U.S. will not merely talk the talk about being on the “right side of history” but also walk the talk by acting decisively and selectively against individuals and entities engaged in gross human rights violations.

I wish to point out for the record that the sanctions you have imposed in South Sudan are in stark contrast to the Obama administration’s lifting of sanctions against the Sudan in its last week in office.

During his presidential candidacy in 2007, Barack Obama said[6], the “genocide in Darfur [Sudan] is a stain on our souls… As a president of the United States I don’t intend to abandon people or turn a blind eye to slaughter.”

In the final week of his presidency, on January 13, 2017, Mr. Obama turned a blind eye to the genocidal Sudanese regime and stood on the “wrong side of history” when he rescinded sanctions authorized pursuant to Executive Order 13067[7] of November 3, 1997 and Executive Order 13412[8] of October 13, 2006 related to the policies and actions of the Government of Sudan.

In issuing his rescission of Executive Order 13761[9], Mr. Obama whitewashed the bloody genocidal crimes of the Sudanese regime by speciously claiming that regime has shown “positive actions over the past 6 months”. The “actions” allegedly included maintaining cessation of hostilities in conflict areas in the Sudan, improving humanitarian access and counterterrorism cooperation.

It is said, “one swallow does not make a summer.” It is incomprehensible to me how Mr. Obama could gloss over and excuse atrocities committed over a period exceeding two decades on mere gestures of good behavior over six months.

What is even more appalling is Mr. Obama’s duplicity and hypocrisy in completely ignoring Sudan’s close ties with North Korea and purchase of weapons from that rogue regime for use in the commission of human rights violations and atrocities. In lifting sanctions against the Sudan, Mr. Obama also conveniently ignored the fact that Sudan has been on the list[10] of state sponsors of terrorism since 1993 and had provided a haven to Osama bin Laden.

Perhaps one should not be surprised by Mr. Obama’s stratagems and sophistry in exculpating those on the “wrong side of history”, as he used to call them. When Mr. Obama visited Ethiopia in July 2015, he unabashedly declared the TPLF regime, which claimed electoral victory by capturing 100 percent of the “parliamentary” seats, as “democratically elected[11].”

In light of Mr. Obama’s double-speak and duplicity on human rights in Africa, I find your recent targeted sanctions against South Sudan and the tenor of your administration’s emerging human rights policy forthright, refreshing and encouraging.

I believe selective and targeted sanctions such as the one imposed against South Sudanese leaders and companies can serve as effective tools of an America-first foreign policy in advancing the cause of human rights globally, and particularly in Africa. Targeted sanctions selectively and purposefully focus on leaders, their family members and supporters, political elites and segments of society known to be directly responsible for human rights violations or in aiding, abetting and giving material support in the commission of such violations. Blanket sanctions are more likely to inflict greater hardship and suffering on the general population, and often those engaged in gross human rights violations find ways to circumvent them. It has been observed that “targeted sanctions” or “smart sanctions” are like “smart bombs”, considerably reducing collateral damage on civilian populations.

I believe in the old saying, “What is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander.” What is good for South Sudan is good for Ethiopia.

I am requesting that you follow up with targeted sanctions against current and senior members of the “Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front” led and dominated by the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front and other entities aiding and abetting that regime in the commission of human rights violations in Ethiopia. The evidence of human rights violations supporting targeted sanctions against the TPLF regime is overwhelming, incontrovertible, substantial and compelling.

The Irreecha Massacres of October 2, 2016

On October 2, 2016, troops loyal to the ruling Tigrean Peoples’ Liberation Front opened fire indiscriminately on crowds at a religious festival known as “Irreecha” attended by an “estimated 2 million people”[12] in the town of Bishoftu, some 45 miles southeast of the capital Addis Ababa.

The TPLF regime reported 52 dead from what it said was crowd “stampede[13] caused by anti-government elements”. In a televised address, the regime’s prime minster blamed the victims for provoking troops into using indiscriminate deadly force.

On October 3, 2016, Freedom House issued a statement[14] on the Irreecha Massacres demanding an independent investigation: “The deaths in Bishoftu occurred because security forces fired tear gas and live ammunition at a crowd of over a million people celebrating a religious occasion. The government of Ethiopia should allow a truly independent body to investigate the tragedy at Bishoftu as well as security forces’ well-documented record of using excessive force against peaceful gatherings.”

Eyewitness reports including statements by accredited Voice of America Amharic Service program journalists revealed that heavily armed regime troops had taken tactical positions behind the VIP grandstand hidden from direct view of the crowd and suddenly opened live fire on the unarmed and peacefully protesting crowd after the official program could not proceed due to crowd demands and chants against the regime.

On October 8, the TPLF regime declared a “state of emergency” suspending the constitution and instituting martial law under an entity called “Command Post[15]”.

On November 12, 2016, the regime officially reported[16] arresting “11,607 people, including 347 women”. The U.S. State Department in its 2016 human rights report[17]stated, “Many [of the thousands arrested] were never brought before a court, provided access to legal counsel, or formally charged with a crime.” The actual number of persons arrested was significantly higher than officially reported. In March 2017, the Command Post “announced that 4,996 of the 26,130 people detained for allegedly taking part in protests would be brought to court.”

An “investigative report” on the Irreecha Massacres released by the regime’s human rights organization in April 2016 rubberstamped the regime’s original position: “The violence happened because the protesters were using guns and so security forces had no other option.”

In its June 2016 report entitled “Such a Brutal Crackdown’: Killings and Arrests in Response to Ethiopia’s Oromo Protest”, Human Rights Watch stated, “security forces in Ethiopia have used excessive and lethal force against largely peaceful protests that have swept through Oromia, the country’s largest region, since November 2015.”

On September 19, 2017, Human Rights Watch in its 33-page report entitled “Fuel on the Fire’: Security Force Response to the 2016 Irreecha Cultural Festival” provided details on the regime’s “use of force in response to restive crowds at 2016’s Irreecha.” The report “found evidence that security force personnel not only triggered the stampede that caused many deaths but subsequently shot and killed some members of the crowd.”

Over the past year, the TPLF regime has committed unspeakable atrocities in Northern Ethiopia including Gonder, Wolkait, Bahr Dar and other locations.

The Irreecha Massacres are only the latest in the 26-year sordid history of gross and egregious human rights violation by the TPLF regime in Ethiopia.

On May 16, 2005, one day after the general election, the late leader of the TPLF regime, Meles Zenawi, also declared a state of emergency, outlawed all public gatherings and placed under his direct personal command and control all police, security and military forces in the country. Zenawi personally authorized the use of deadly force against any protesters in the post-election period. As a result, nearly a thousand people were either killed or severely wounded by regime troops. Zenawi subsequently set up an Inquiry Commission. That Commission was forced to go into exile following harassment and threats by the TPLF regime to falsify its findings. In November 2006, that Commission shared[18] its findings with members of the Africa Subcommittee in the House of Representatives. The Inquiry Commission laid the entire blame at the feet of the TPLF regime and rejected their spurious claims and justifications for use of deadly force.

A partial list of the names of the victims of the Meles Massacres is publicly available.

A list of names of those security, military and police officials directly involved in the post-2005 election massacres is also available. The TPLF regime to date has taken no action against these officials.

In May 2014, troops loyal to the TPLF regime massacred at least 47 university and high school students in the town of Ambo 80 miles west of the capital Addis Ababa. Eyewitnesses reported significantly higher casualties and fatalities than officially reported. Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a statement[19] condemning the “shooting at and beating [of] peaceful protesters in Ambo, Nekemte, Jimma, and other towns”. According to HRW, the student “protests erupted over the release of the proposed Addis Ababa Integrated Development Master Plan” which would “expand Addis Ababa’s municipal boundary to include more than 15 communities in Oromia” and displace Oromo farmers and residents.

In December 2003, the TPLF massacred hundreds of Anuak people in Gambella in Western Ethiopia. Human Rights Watch documented that TPLF troops “subjected Anuak communities throughout the region to widespread and systematic acts of murder, rape, torture, arbitrary imprisonment and the destruction of entire villages.” Genocide Watch sent a fact-finding team in Gambella and secured[21] authentic documents “proving that the Gambella massacres were planned at the highest levels of the Ethiopian government, and even given the code name “Operation Sunny Mountain”. A report[20] by the Harvard Law School Human Rights Program on the Anuak Massacre concluded, “From December 2004 to at least January 2006, the ENDF (Ethiopian National Defense Forces) attacked and abused Anuak civilians in Gambella region – wantonly killing, raping, beating, torturing, and harassing civilians.”

In 2007, the TPLF regime massacred hundreds of people in the Ogaden region of Ethiopia. Human Rights Watch in its June 2008 report[22] entitled “Collective Punishment: War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity in the Ogaden area of Ethiopia’s Somali Region” documented, “Ethiopian troops have forcibly displaced entire rural communities, ordering villagers to leave their homes within a few days or witness their houses being burnt down and their possessions destroyed and risk death.”

The TPLF regime has refused to undertake meaningful and credible investigations into these crimes against humanity despite requests by human rights groups and even the U.N. The TPLF regime has refused entry to all UN special rapporteurs since 2007 to investigate human rights violations in Ethiopia.

The TPLF regime has dismissed and ignored all calls for an independent investigation of the Irreecha Massacres by United Nations top human rights official[23], the African Commission[24], the European parliament[25], and members of United States Congress[26].

The difference between the South Sudanese regime and the TPLF regime on human rights is the difference between Tweedledee and Tweedledum. Both regimes are peas in a pod. Thus, what is good enough for the South Sudanese regime is good enough for the TPLF regime.

I believe an America-first human rights policy which employs targeted sanctions to promote human rights, democracy and peace in Africa is not only necessary but also likely to produce outcomes that are consistent with the values and principles of American taxpayers.

Millions of refugees are leaving Africa to come go to Europe and North America because life is hell for them in Africa under brutal and bloodthirsty dictatorships, not merely to seek better economic opportunities. The U.S. can effectively deal with this problem by addressing the root cause of migration out of Africa, namely, brutal and oppressive dictatorships that treat their citizens as slaves and their countries’ treasuries and resources as their private estates. Selective and targeted sanctions aimed at the financial and logistical incapacitation of leaders, political elites and segments of society known to be directly responsible for human rights violations or engaged in aiding, abetting and giving material support in the commission of such violations in Africa is the proverbial two-by-four that will quickly get their attention.

For well over a decade, I have argued without pause that the best way to help Africa is to let Africa help itself. Africa can never be free until African leaders are held to account and forced to abandon the culture of panhandling, which have perfected as an art form. The U.S. must end its aid welfare program to African dictators who siphon off much of that aid and deposit it in their private offshore bank accounts. Your transition team hit the nail on the head when it demndaed answers from the State Department to the following question: “With so much corruption in Africa, how much of our funding is stolen?”

I wish I could definitively answer that question for you. But I can say definitively that to begin the effort to find out “how much of our funding is stolen” in Africa, we must make targeted sanctions a central part of the America-first foreign policy in Africa.

Mr. President, what I am asking is not anything extraordinary. I am merely requesting that you impose the same targeted sanctions you imposed on the leaders, supporters and business entities in South Sudan to the leaders, supporters and business entities responsible for human rights violations in Ethiopia. What is good enough for South Sudan is good enough for Ethiopia.

Mr. President, when Mr. Obama visited Ghana in his first trip to Africa in July 2009, he said, “Now, make no mistake: History is on the side of these brave Africans, not with those who use coups or change constitutions to stay in power. Africa doesn’t need strongmen, it needs strong institutions.”

The people of Ethiopia and the people of Africa are on tenterhooks to find out if you are going to stand with African dictators or the common people yearning to breathe free.

I am betting my bottom dollar that you will stand with the people of Africa and not the dictators who lord over them, as did Mr. Obama.

I will guarantee that you will have 100 million fans in Ethiopia if you institute targeted sanctions against members of the TPLF regime and its cronies involved in gross human rights violations, and win more than a 1.2 billion Africans if you make targeted sanctions a core part of your America-first policy in Africa.

I guarantee it!

Sincerely,

Alemayehu (Al) G. Mariam, M.A., Ph.D., J.D.
Professor and Attorney at Law

Cc: Hon. Rex Tillerson, U.S. Secretary of State
Hon. Steven T. Mnuchin, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Hon. Nimrata “Nikki” Haley, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations

==========================
[1] https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/sm0152.aspx

[2] http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/search/Results.aspx?perpetrator=2127

[3] http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/search/IncidentSummary.aspx?gtdid=201608260003

[4] http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/09/06/u-s-sanctions-south-sudanese-leaders/

[5] https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2017/05/270620.htm

[6] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEd583-fA8M

[7] https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Documents/13067.pdf

[8] https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Documents/13412.pdf

[9] https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/DCPD-201700026/pdf/DCPD-201700026.pdf

[10] https://www.state.gov/j/ct/list/c14151.htm

[11] https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/28/world/africa/obama-calls-ethiopian-government-democratically-elected.html?mcubz=3&mtrref=www.google.com&gwh=BBE0F6C584580DEF4C73E4D0F43ECE1F&gwt=pay

[12] http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/03/africa/ethiopia-oromo-deaths/index.html

[13] http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/ethiopia-stampede-violent-clashes-death-toll-oromia-disaster-bishoftu-protest-more-than-100-a7342951.html

[14] https://freedomhouse.org/article/ethiopia-more-150-dead-after-security-forces-fire-crowd

[15] http://www.ena.gov.et/en/index.php/politics/item/2067-command-post-established-to-oversee-implementation-of-emergency-rule

[16] http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/11/ethiopia-state-emergency-arrests-top-11000-161112191919319.html

[17] https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/#wrapper

[18]http://www.ethiomedia.com/addfile/ethiopian_inquiry_commission_briefs_congress.html

[19] https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/05/05/ethiopia-brutal-crackdown-protests

[20] http://hrp.law.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Ethiopia_2006_Report.pdf

http://www.genocidewatch.org/ethiopia.html[21]

[22]https://www.hrw.org/report/2008/06/12/collective-punishment/war-crimes-and-crimes-against-humanity-ogaden-area-ethiopias

[23] http://www.reuters.com/article/us-ethiopia-violence-un-idUSKCN10L1SY

[24] http://www.achpr.org/sessions/59th/resolutions/356/

[25] http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2016-0023+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=EN

[26] https://www.congress.gov/115/bills/hres128/BILLS-115hres128ih.pdf

16 Responses to My Letter to President Trump Requesting Targeted Sanctions Against the TPLF in Ethiopia – By Alemayehu G. Mariam

  1. ….Indeed it is laughable.

    The NEFETEGNA extremist (Alemayhue GibreMARIA) asking the president of United States to reverse time to replace the dead horse (NEFETEGNA Amhara era) in power in addis palace.

    The NEFETEGNAS indeed brain dead.

    Ye Gonder Jegna
    October 2, 2017 at 5:52 am
    Reply

  2. YE MOGN ZEFEN HULGIZE ABEBAYE !!!!

    great men are busy working . This pensioner DOTARD is stuck in the bygone era of CHIQA SHUM .

    NANA
    October 2, 2017 at 7:03 am
    Reply

  3. Professor Al,
    I have to say that your letter was very powerful and thank you for that.

    Of all the evil deeds of the TPLF, the worst and the most dangerous is its intention to disintegrate Ethiopia into small states, and declare the independence of the Tigria republic, by the time when its downfall seemed inevitable. As you know, the TPLF had been facilitating to such an end since it seized power. It has moved major military institutions like the Air force, and the Military Training centers from central Ethiopia to the region of Tigria. It has built giant industries in the region in a bid to sustain the economy of the future Tigria Republic. Its has forcefully incorporated huge agricultural land of neighboring regions into the region of Tigria. In it effort to have a direct outlet, it has pushed the Tigray territory far to the west, across the Amara-Wolkaite region to the border of the Sudan.

    The sessation of the Tigria region might not be as painful as that of Eritrea. But what makes the event frightening is that the TPLF intends to set the rest of Ethiopia afire as it leaves. For a quarter of a century, it has been sawing the seeds of hatred among ethnic groups by telling fabricated stories of genocide and cruel expansion of past kings and kingdoms of Ethiopia. As the result of this, Somalis are fighting agains Oromos, Oromos against Amharas, Amharas against Afars etc. Recently, over hundred Oromos were killed in the eastern Ethiopian region of Somali, over a hundred thousand were deported, and many fled from the region for fear of their lives. As a retaliation, the Oromos also killed tens of Somalis and chased thousands out of their region. Behind these killings and deportation lurks the wicked TPLF.

    I believe this situation also has to be made clear to the leaders of the world. At stake is the fate of a hundred million people, and the greedy TPLf doesn’t give a shit about that.

    God bless you! professor!
    God bless The USA!
    God bless Ethiopia!

    babile
    October 2, 2017 at 3:57 pm
    Reply

  4. I hope the president will have the time to read this long letter. As a president of USA chosen by its people, he has the responsibility the keep us all safe from demonic Wahhabi created terrorists. In doing so he has to bring in all the cooperation he can muster to this end. The Horn of Africa is one area the whole democratic world has to keep an eye on it. That region is home to more than 200 million people where elements of terror have taken roots already in one of its countries. Kenya has been grappling with barbaric acts of Al-Shabaab for years now. That is a country of almost 50 million people. South Sudan has been a mess where almost 65% of its citizens are either internally displaced or living in refugee camps outside the country. And it has a population of close to 15 million people. Somalia that incubated Al-Shabaab does not seem to have the know-how how to expurgate this demonic group and is has more than 15 million desperate people. Ethiopia which has been on shaky ground for luck of good governance does not seem to have the daring will to face the realities on the ground and deal with the cyclical deadly protests that have been erupting periodically for the last 26 years. It is sitting on more than 100 million powder kegs. Sudan is glazed and ready to be had by the murderous Wahhabis if things start falling apart and it is sitting on almost 50 million potential jihadists. And that will eat away the western part of Eritrea in a heartbeat. Eritrea is, by all accounts, is seen as a failed state. So this is what denies the policy makers of the west sleep. I share their worries day and night. Once that region starts reeling with widespread chaos the entire 200 million people will be on the move. 200 million people!!!

    Ittu Aba Farda
    October 2, 2017 at 5:04 pm
    Reply

  5. This is perhaps one of Professor Alemayehu’s best argued and relevant write-ups. I only hope it will get the attention of the President and his staff.

    Kiflom
    October 2, 2017 at 9:11 pm
    Reply

  6. Nana
    Your great men are buzy, looting a nation and killing people…

    Zeregnet Mexico beshita naw

    Woyanne is too backward to govern Ethiopia…they have messed up ed very thing. They should have stayed in their bushes….

    Girma
    October 3, 2017 at 1:41 am
    Reply

    • GIRMA ,

      YOUR FOOLISH GIBBERISH MIND IS IN MESS .
      WOYANE HEROS ARE TRYING TO CLEAN CENTURY OLD MESS LEFT BY NEFTEGNAS

      1-LAZINESS CULTURE /TALKATIVNESS /
      2-INDIFFERENCE CULTURE
      3-PRETENTION CULTURE
      4-ANTI DIVERSITY , ANTI DEMOCRATIC CULTURE

      HEROS WOND PHASE 1 – which is obliterating dergue and others by force

      PHASE 2—- fighting cultural , social and religious backwardness .TO DEFEAT POVERTY .

      NANA
      October 4, 2017 at 1:22 am
      Reply

      • nana,
        I don’t see Woyannes cleaning century old mess. Where have you been the last quarter of the century. Mars?

        I see them simply killing people. I am sure you are human being, and have some judgement left in you. Just contemplate what they did in workaite… How many they killed there… How many in Gonder. Bahirdar. Benshangul. Gambela, Addis, konsso , you name it…
        How many are languishing in prison. Think of the torture they conduct on male and female prisoners .. What are they doing to the Amharas, and the Oromos ah?
        Did you know how they treated Birtukan Mideksa. The mental torture they inflicted on her
        Is that humanity. BIRTUKAN was a woman and a mother. imagine how the apartheid s.Africa treated Mandela while he was in prison. Compare that a give a name to Woyanne. Your Woyanne is diabolical in nature. Ain’t you ashamed of those Woyanne leaders. The Aboys and Abbay. How can you defend such people even if they are your own families… I real wonder what is blinding you people. Don’t you see what’s going on… The looting in billions are insignificant compared to the atrocities committed.

        My Tigrean brothers, it’s time to disassociate yourself from this group…
        Lik yalhonne neger ayto eko naw Kedemu nitsuh negn yalew Pitatos!

        Girma
        October 4, 2017 at 4:16 pm
        Reply

        • Girma ,

          LOOK AROUND AND YOU WILL LEARN THAT :

          EVERY COUNTRY HAS ITS OWN POLITICAL DYNAMICS
          NO COUNTRY IS IMMUNE FROM CRICISM (HAVE YOU SEEN NFL PLAYERS KNEELING DURING US NATIONAL ANTHEM )
          HAVE YOU SEEN BLACK LIVES MATTER .
          99 VS 1%
          DO YOU KNOW ABOUT FRISK
          DO YOU KNOW ABOUT FRENCH ANTI TERRIOR LOW ………………………………………..

          SO BE PART OF A SOLUTION TO CLEAN THE MESS LEFT BY EVIL RULERS .

          TIGRAINS WILL NEVER DISACCOCIATE FROM TPLF . BECAUSE WE ARE TPLF .
          BECAUSE WE SUCRIFICED AT LEAST ONE FROM OUR FAMILY. ALL MODERN WEAPONS WERE RAINING ON US FROM HAILESILASE TO DERGUE .

          GUESS WHAT ???

          IT WAS TPLF THAT DESTROYED THE APARTHIED SYSTEM OF FEUDALS AND MILITARY JUNTA .

          WE ARE ALL TPLF .

          FOR YOUR INFO , WHY ARE YOU MEDDLING IN THE AFFAIRS OF OTHERS REGION ????

          TPLF IS ELECTED IN REGION 1 BY REGION 1 CITIZENS .SAME HOLDS TRUE FOR OTHER PARTIES .

          DO YOU THINK TIGRIANS CAME FROM A ROSE BED ???
          WE KNOW WAR , PEACE , FAMINE , DROUGHT AND ALL .THOSE WHO TRY TO INTIMIDATE US , SIMPLY DO NOT KNOW THAT WE WERE TESTED WITH FIRE FOR CENTURIES .

          THE CENTRAL GOVT IS SIMPLY REPRESENTATIVE OF ALL .

          SO , IN SUMMARY , DO NOT TRY TO IMPOSE RULERS . PEOPLE HAVE ELECTED THEIRS .

          DOES THE SYSTEM HAVE ANY FAULTS — YES
          WHAT IS THE SOLUTION —- WORK ON WEAKNESS . BOLSTER STRENGTH .

          NANA
          October 5, 2017 at 7:39 am
          Reply

  7. የቴዎድሮስ ጭካኔና የፈጸሙአቸውን ግፎች በሚመለከት ኢንጂነር ታደለ ብጡል ‹‹ቴዎድሮስና አለማዮ›› በሚለው መጽሐፋቸው ከጻፉት ውስጥ ጥቂቶቹ የሚከተሉት ናቸው፡-

    1.የሸፈተባቸውን ቸኮልን ለመውጋት ወደ ደንበጫ ሄደው ሳለ ቸኮል አመለጣቸው። ከአሽከሮቹም ስድሳ ሰዎች ተማርከው ስለነበረ እነሱን በገበያ ላይ ሰቀሉአቸው። አንደኛው ከቴዎድሮስ አሽከር ጠመንጃ ሲቀማ ተይዞ ነበርና ያንን ሰው ከመድፍ አፍ ላይ አስጠግተው አስቁመው የመድፍ ጥይት እንዲተኩስ አዘዙ። ሲተኮስም ሰውየውን ብትንትኑን አውጥቶ ገደለው በማለት አለቃ ዘነበ ጽፈዋል።
    2.ግራዝማች ዓለሜ የሸፈቱ ጊዜ አንዱ አሽከራቸው ተይዞ መጣ። ከንጉሡ ችሎት በቀረበ ጊዜም ቴዎድሮስ የሞት ፍርድ ካስፈረዱበት በኃላ፣ መቅደላ፣ ወራሂመኖ፣ ደላንታ፤ ዋደሌ ጦርህን ከዚህ ሰው ደም ያላስነካህ ጠላቴ ነህ ብለው በመናገራቸው ያ ሁሉ ሕዝብ በንጉሡ ትእዛዝ መሠረት ሁሉም በጦር ሲወጋው ብትንትኑ ወጥቶ ለምልክት እንኳ የሚታይ ሥጋው ከመሬት ላይ ጠፋ።
    3.ደጃች ተድላ ጓሉን ለመያዝ አጤ ቴዎድሮስ ገስግሰው በድንገት ደርሰው በተዋጉ ጊዜ ስምንት ሺህ ሰዎችን ማረኩ። ይህን ሁሉ ምርኮኛ እንጅባራ ላይ ሰብስበው ራሱን ሲያስቆርጡ ውለው ጊዜው ሲመሽ የተረፈው ሰው ተቆጥሮ አደረ። ሲነጋጋ ንጉሡ ተነስተው ያደሩትን ሰዎች አምጣ ብለው አስቀርበው ሁሉንም እቆርጠው ፈጁት። ያን ሁሉ ክምር ሬሳ እየተዘዋወሩ ሲያዩ ከሬሳው አንዱ አለሞተ ኖሮ ሲንፈራገጥ አዪት። ቴዎድሮስም ተቆጥተው ‹እንዲሁ ሳትገድሉ ነው የጣላችኋቸው› ብለው ያን የሚንፈራገጠውን ራሳቸው ገድለው ሌላ ሁሉ እታየ ያልሞተው እንዲገደል አዘዙ። ሁሉም ካለቁ በኋላ ይህን ሁሉ ጠላቴን በጄ ጥሎ እንዲህ አስተኝቶ ያሳየኝ እግዝአብሔር ይመስገን፣ ብለው መሬት ይህን ጠላቴን በጄ ጥሎ እንድህ እተኝቶ ያሳየኝ እግዝብሔር ይመስገን፣ ብለው መሬት ስመው ከድንኳናቸው ገቡ።
    4.በ1859 ዓ.ም የአማራ ሣይንት ሰዎች ሊክዱ ነው ብለው ስለነገሩዋቸው ቴዎድሮስ ከአማራ ሣይንተ 400 ሰዎች አስይዘው ሁሉንም በጎራዴ አስደብድበው ፈጁዋቸው። አንድ ሰው ከዋድላ ሰዎች ጋር ቢጣላ ከቴዎድሮስ ዘንድ መጥቶ ዋድሎች ሊከዱዎት ነው ብሎ ነገራቸው። ቴዎድሮስም ለዋድላ ሰዎች ገንዘብ እሰጣለውና ሁሉም ተሰብስበው ይምጣ ብለው አዋጅ አስነገሩ። ይህንንም አዋጅ የሰማው ሕዝብ፣ እረኛ እንኳ ሳይቀር በሙሉ ተሰብስቦ መጣ። አፄ ቴዎድሮስም በራስ አድሉ የሚመራውን የየጁን ጦር ዙሪያውን አስከብበው ስድስት መቶ ሰዎችን በጎራዴ ፈጁአቸው። ይህን የግፍ አገዳደል ያዩት ራስ አድሉ ሌሊቱን አምልጠው መሸፈታቸውን አለቃ ተክለ ኢየሱስ ጽፈዋል።
    5.የመጫና የአገው ሰዎች ሊሸፍቱ ነው ብሎ አሳባቂ ነገራቸው። ቴዎድሮስም አራት መቶ የመጫና የአገው መኳንንት ሰብስበው ዙሪያውን በእሾህ አጥር አጥረው ሱሬ ብቻ እያስታጠቁ ራቁታቸውን እንደ ከብት አጎሩዋቸው። እህልና ውኃም እንዳይሰጣቸው አዘዙ። በረሃብና በውኃ ስም የሚሰቃየው ሕዝብም ከአስር ቀን ቦኃላ መሞት ጀመሩ። በ15ኛው ቀን ግን ሁሉም በረሃብና ውኃ ጥም አለቁ።
    6.ቴዎድሮስ ቃሮዳ ከሚባል አገር ሄዱ። ቃሮዳ በአተክልት አብቃይነቱ በተለይ በወይን ሰብል የታወቀ አገር ነበር። አንድ ማድጋ የወይን ጠጅ በጎንደር ባንድ አሞሌ ይሸጥ ነበር። ፈረንጆች የቃሮዳ የወይን ጠጅ ከሀገራችን ወይን ጠጅ የበልጣል ይላሉ።….ያንን ወይን ሀገር በአዋጅ አስነግረው አስነቀሉት። ይህን የሰማ ሁሉ በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ወይኑን ነቀለ። ከዝህ ወዲህ በኢትዮጵያ ወይን ታጣ። ቴዎድሮስ ቃሮዳ እንደደረሱ ሕዝቡን ሰብስቡልኝ ብለው ሕጻናት ሳይቀሩ 1700 ሰዎች ተሰበሰቡ። ይህንን ሁሉ ሰው ቤት እስከቻለ ድረስ በየቤቱ እያስገቡ ሁሉንም በእሳት እያቃጠሉ መጨረሳቸውን አለቃ ወልደማርያም ጽፏል።
    7.አጼ ቴዎድሮስ ወደ ማህደረ ማርያም በወረዱ ጊዜ ካህናቱ ንጉሡን ለመቀበል ከለቻ ከሚባል ሜዳ ላይ ቆመው በጸናጽልና በከበሮ እያመሰገኑ አቀባበል አደረጉላቸው። ይህን ያዩት ቴዎድሮስ በልልኝ ብለው ወታደሩን አዝዘው 450 ካህናት በጎራዴ ተደብድቦ አለቀ። ከዚያም ተመልሰው ደብረታቦር በወጡ ጊዜ ከርብ ጀምሮ እስከ ፍርቃ በር ወታደራቸውን አሰማረተው ሲቆፍርም፣ በመንገድ ሲሄድም የተገኘውን ሁሉ 7700 ሰዎችን አሰባሰቡ።ይህን ሁሉ ሰብስበው በየቤቱ ውስጥ እያጎሩ የታጎሩበትን ቤት በማቃጠል ሲያስፈጁአቸው ዋሉ። ሰው ተቃጥሎ ስያልቅ ጊዜው ስለመሸ ተራፊውን ከሜዳ ላይ እየተጠበቀ ራቁታቸውን እንዲያድሩ አዘዙ። ሌሊቱን ዝናብ ስለዘነበ ሕጻናትና እመጫት ሣይቀሩ በዝናብ ሲደበደቡ አደሩ። በማግስቱ ቴዎድሮስ ያደረውን ሕዝብ ለማቃጠል መጥተው ሰው ከሚቃጠልበት ቤት እየተከፈለ ሲገባ አንድ የአምስት ዓመት ልጅ እናቱን እየጎተተ ‹‹ነይ እንደትናንቱ ዝናብ እንዳይመታን ቶሎ ከቤት እንግባ›› እያለ ሲያለቅስ ፣ እናቱም ስታለቅስ ቴዎድሮስ አይተው ‹‹ለምን ያለቅሳሉ?›› ብለው ጠየቁ። ልጁ የተናገረውን ቢነግሯቸው ‹‹ፈጣሪዬ ምነው እንዲህ ታደረገኛለህ! ወይ እኔን ቶሎ ግደልና ፍጥረት ይረፍ›› ብለው አልቅሰው ሊቃጠሉ የቀረቡትን ሁሉ ማሩት። ይህ ከሆነ ቦኃላ ደግሞ ጣና ሐይቅ ውስጥ ከምትገኘው ምጽርሐ ወደምትባለው ደሴት በደሴቲቱ ውስጥ ያሉትን ሰዎች በሙሉ በቤት ውስጥ እያስገቤ ቤቱን በማቃጠል ጨረሱት።
    8.ዶ/ር ብላንክ ስለ ቴዎድሮስ የጭካኔ ተግባር ከጻፉት ውስጥ አቶ ዳኛቸው የተረጎሙትን ብንመለከት፣ እ.አ.አ ህዳር 21 ቀን 1859 ዓ.ም ከሰዓት በኃላ አጼ ቴዎድሮስ የተመረጡ ጥቂት ፈረሰኛና እግረኛ አስከትለው ከጎንደር ግንብ ውስጥ እየተደበቁ የሚያስቸግራቸውን ሽፍቶች ለማጥፋት መገስገስ ጀምረው አስራ ስድስት ሰዓት ባለሞላ ጊዜ ውስጥ ሰማኒያ ማይልስ ርቀው ያለውን ጎዳና አንድ ጊዜ ስንኳ ሣይቆሙ ሲጓዙ አድረው ወገግ ሲል የጊንደር ከተማ ከሚገኝበት ተራራ ስር ደረሱ። ምንም እንኳን በድንገት ለመድረስ አቅደው የመጡ ቢሆንም፣ የጎንደር ነሪ ሕዝብ ወሬውን ሰምቶ ስለነበር በመጨነቅና በመሸበር ሴቶች ወጥተው በእልልታና በደስታ ሲቀበሉዋቸው በፋሲል ግንብ ተሰግስጎ የነበረውም ሽፍታ ሸሽቶ ከጎንደር ወጣ። ወዲያውም ሽፍቶችን ለማግኘት ሠራዊቱ ቤቱንና ቤተክርስቲያኑንም ሣይቀር መበርበርና መዝረፍ ያዙ። ዳሩ ግን ወዲያውም ሽፍቶችን ለማግኘት ሠራዊቱ ቤቱንና ቤተክርስተያኑንም ሣይቀር ባለማግኘታቸው ከአስር ሺ በላይ የነውን የከተማውን ነዋሪ ሕዝብ እንደ ከብት ሰብስበው ነዱት። ከዝህም በኋላ የጥፋት ሥራቸውን ጀምረው ሕዝቡን፣ ቤቱን፣ ቤተክርስጢያኑንና ቤተመንግስቱንም ጭምር በእሳት አቃጠሉት። ከቀሳውስት መካከል አንዳንዶቹ የደፈሩ አጉረምርመው የንጉሥ ነገሥቱን አፈጻጸም በግልጽ ተቃውመው ስላወገዙ ብዙ መቶ ሽማግሌ ቀሳውስት ወደ እሳተ ተወርውረው ተቃጠሉ። የማቃጠሉ ነገር ከዝህ ላይ ሳይቆም እልል እያሉ የተቀበሉት ሴቶችስ የት አሉ? እነርሱ እልል ባይሉ ኖሮ ሽፍቶች መምጣታችንን የት ያውቁ ነበር? በማለት ሴቶች ሁሉ ተይዘው እንዲመጡ አጼ ቴዎድሮስ በማዘዛቸው ሁሉም ከእነሕይወታቸው ወደተቃጠለው ቤት እየተወረወሩ ነደዱ…ብለዋል።
    9.በሸዋ ተሸመው የነበሩት የንጉሥ ሣህለ ሥላሴ ልጅ አቤቶ ሰይፉ በቴዋድሮስ ላይ ስለሸፈቱ ወደ ሸዋ መጥተው ሙቅምድር በሚባል ቦታ 500 ያህል ሰዎችን ማረኩ። ሁሉነም ቀኝ እጃቸውንና ቀኝ እግራቸውን እየቆረጡ ጣሉአቸው። በዝህም የተነሣ የሚከተለው ተገጠመ

    አጼ ቴዎድሮስ እጅግ ተዋረዱ

    የሸዋን ሰው ሁሉ እጅ ነስተው ሄዱ።

    10 የጋረድ ጦር የዎድሮስ ወዳጅ የነበረውን እንግልዛዊ ፕላዉዲን ሊቀመኳስ ቤል ደግሞ ጋረድን ገደለ፣ የጋረድ ወንድም ቤልን ገደለ። ቴዎድሮስ በበኩሉ በጦርነት ላይ 1500 የጋረድ ሰዎችን ማርኮ ካስገደላቸው በኋላ ጭንቅላታቸውን ተቆርጦ እንደ ካብ እንደተደረገ አለቃ ወ/ማርያምና አለቃ ተክለየሱስ ጽፈዋል።

    ደራሲ ስብሀት ገብረ እግዝአብሔር…ስለካሣ ጭካኔ ሲገልጹ ‹‹አጼ ቴዎድሮስ ሥጋ ደዌኛን እየሰበሰሁ ያቃጥሉ ነበር። ደብረ ታቦር ጎጆ ሲሰራ ያድራል። ቀን ደዌኛቹ እጎጆው ውስጥ ያታጎሩና እሳት ይለቀቅባቸዋል። ካሣ ከሞከራቸው ብዙ ሥራዎች አንዱ ሥጋ ደዌን በሂህ ዓይነት ከምድረ ኢትዮጵያ ማጥፋት ነበር›› ይላሉ።

    አጼ ቴዎድሮስ የፈጸሙአቸው ግፎች ብዙዎች አልተመዘገቡም። ከሽፍትነታቸው ጀምሮ እስከ እለተ ሞታቸው ሰዓት ድረስ ያለቀው ሕዝብ ብዛት ሥፍር ቁጥረ የለውም። ኋይላቸውን ካጠናከሩ በኋላ ከደጃዝማች ወንድራይድና ሌሎች መሣፍንት ጋር በተደረጉት ጦርነቶች ድል በድል ላይ እየተረማመዱ የመጡት ጊዜ ስለነበረ፣ በጦርነቱ ወክትም ሆነ ከጦርነቱ ቦኋላ በምርከኞች ላይ የተፈጸሙትን ግፎች በሙሉ መዘርዘር ያስቸግራል። ከሰባት ጊዜ በላይ ወደ ወሎ ዚዘምቱ በበርካታ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ አልቀዋል፤ የብዙዎቹ ንብረት ወድሞአል፣ አብዛኛው የወሎ ጦር አካለ ጎደሎ ሆኖአል፣ ከአገር ተሰደዋል፣ እንደ እንጨት በእሳት ተማግደዋል። በየሰከንዱ ከሚለዋወጠው ጠባያቸው የተነሳ ሕዝቡን ለምህረት የተባለው ለመዓት፣ ለመዓት የተባለው ደግሞ ለምህረት እተዳረገና ሁሌም መዓትን እየጠበቀ የግፍ ጽዋውን ሲቀበል ኖሮአል።

    በተለይም የራስ አሊ ሁለተኛ ወታደሮች በ1853 ዓ.ም በአይሻል ጦርነት ላይ ካሸነፉ በኋላ ሁሉ ከቴዎድሮስ ጭካኔ አንጻር ተጠንተው ቢጻፉ ኖሮ የሳቸውን ማንነት ይበልጥ ግልጽ ያደርግ ነበር። የሚገርመው ግን ቴዎድሮስ በየትኛውም ዘመን ተደርጎ በማይታወቅ ደረጃ፣ በጥይት እየደበደቡ፣ በጎራዴና በሰይፍ ውስጥ በማጎር እያቃጠሉ፣ ያስጨፈጨፏቸውን ሰዎች ጭንቅላት እያስቆረጡ እንደ ድንጋይ ሲያስክቡ የሚውሉና በመጨረሻም እራሳቸው ‹‹እብድ ነኝ›› ፣ መለታቸውና ቀና ብለው ፈጣሪን እየተማጸኑ፣ ‹‹እባክህን ጌታዬ እኔን ግደልና ፍጥረትህ ይረፍ›› ብለው እስከ መጸለይ የደረሱ ጨፍጫፍ መሆናቸውን ለአስራ አራት ዓመታት አገርቷን የጦር አውድማ በማድረግ በኢኮኖሚ አድቀውና በመጨረሻም በታትነው መሞታቸው እየታወቀ ለማመስገን መጣር አሳፈሪ ከመሆኑም በላይ ያለአግባብ ሕይወታቸውን ባጡት ወገኖች ላይ መቀለድ ይሆናል።›› (ታቦር ዋሚ፣ የውገና ድርሰቶች እና የታሪክ እውነቶች፣ ገጽ. 418-424)

    NANA
    October 3, 2017 at 6:27 am
    Reply

  8. I AM PROUD GONDERE AND WE GONDERES LOVE HEROES, HERO LIKE KING TEWDROS NOT LOSER MENILIKE WHO SOLD ETHIOPIAS PORTS AND KILL HIS OWN CITIZENS.

    Woyane is a hero, and hero rules. Loser talk talk talk.

    Fasil
    October 3, 2017 at 7:01 pm
    Reply

    • Well said. We all Ethiopians love winners/heroes, only inferiors hate winners.

      Ashenafe
      October 4, 2017 at 2:48 pm
      Reply

  9. Thank you professor. A 20 century tireless human right campaigner.

    zola
    October 4, 2017 at 12:44 pm
    Reply

  10. Thank you proffesor.

    zola
    October 4, 2017 at 12:45 pm
    Reply

  11. Dr. A,

    Great job. You are spot on. keep up the great job. However, you are too generous to tyrannical TPLF/EPRDF. Equating their crime to South Sudanese leaders ain’t fair. The crime tyrannical TPLF/EPRDF committed aganist ethiopians is 100,000X more than the crime of South sudanese leaders committed against south sudanese people. Therefore the sanction placed on terrorist ethiopian criminal mafia leaders should be 100,000X more severe than sanction placed South Sudanese leaders.
    Also, I disagree with you regarding continuation of sanction against Sudan. Sudan has been under US sanction for over 20 years. Sudanese people are the main victims of the sanction not the leaders. Placing them on sanction for this long had pushed them away from democratic countries towards countries run by brutal dictatorship such the WORST GOVERNMENT ON PLANET EARTH COMMUNIST CHINA. The goal of US leadership should be to promote and support democracy formation all over the globe. Taking Sudan and also Eritrea off sanction will open up the leaders and economy of those countries to influence and relationship with democratic countries such as USA and start severing their relationship with BRUTAL COMMUNIST CHINA.

    Ye Gondar Jegna, NANA, Fasil,

    You all are not only impotent shit eating prostitute slaves of Tyrannical TPLF/EPRDF but also the stupidest and dumbest creatures that every roamed planet earth. Jegna and terroist TPLF/EPRDF are the total opposite. Your masters are the most coward and the mother of all prostitutes and beggars that every existed. THE ONLY NEFETEGNA THAT EVER EXISTED IN ETHIOPIA/ABBSYNNIA’S OVER 2000 YEAR HISTORY IS THE CRIMINAL AND TERRORIST TPLF/EPRDF. PERIOD. CASE CLOSED.

    truth
    October 4, 2017 at 7:14 pm
    Reply

    • TRUTH ,

      YOU REMIND ME OF ERE-TV SLOGAN “SERVING THE TRUTH !”

      KIKIKIKI

      NANA
      October 5, 2017 at 7:40 am
      Reply

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