ፕሮፌሰር መረራ ጉዲና የመኖሪያ ቤትና የመኪና ስጦታ ተበረከተላቸው

Filed under: የዕለቱ ዜናዎች |

በኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ጉልህ የሆነ ሚናን ተጫውተዋል፡፡ ታሰረዋል፣ ተንገላተዋል፡፡ እድገት እንዳያገኙና ከስራቸው እንዲባረሩ ተደርገዋል፡፡ ኦሮሞነታቸው ከኢትዮጵያዊነታቸው ጋር ተጋጭቶባቸው አያውቅም፡፡ በሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊያን ልብ ውስጥ በጉልሀ ተጽፈዋል፡፡ እናም ለእኝህ የተከበሩ ኢትዮጵያዊ ከዚህ ቀደም ለረዥም ጊዜ ተይዞባቸው የነበረውን የፕሮፌሰርነት ማዕረጋቸውን ያገኙበትን የምስጋና ዝግጅት አስመልክቶ በተዘጋጀ ፕሮግራም ላይ የመኖሪያ ቤትና የመኪና ስጦታ ተበርክቶላቸዋል፡፡

በዝግጅቱ ላይ የብሔራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ሰብሳቢ ወ/ሪት ብርቱካን ሚደቅሳ እና ሌሎች ታዋቂ ሰዎች ተገኝተውበታል።

ክቡር ፕሮፌሰር እንኳን ደስ አሎት!!

ወንድምአገኝ ሲሳይ

7 Responses to ፕሮፌሰር መረራ ጉዲና የመኖሪያ ቤትና የመኪና ስጦታ ተበረከተላቸው

  1. Folks!

    Tell me it’s not Birtukan Mideksa that I see on the first photo with Prof. Merea G.? Sadly, I have confirmation it’s her.

    I thought Birtukan was sworn in as the chairperson of the National Electoral Board (NEB) of the country. To be sworn in as chairperson of NEB is to make a formal promise to be impartial, among others, of course. That impartiality is broken.

    Prof. Merera is an Oromo nationalist leading Oromo organization (Oromo People’s Congress (OPC) advancing Oromo interests. OPC will run in the next federal and regional elections the process of which Birtukan Mideksa and the Board she chairs overlooks.

    If Birtukan sits to wine and dine with Prof. Merera, where is the impartiality she is swore in to uphold?

    As we know it, Prof. Merera has dual identities (Oromo and Ethiopian) which has won him fame, respect and glory – and now professorship, an a gift of expansive villa and a luxury car – but that should not detract us from seeing him as a contender for political power.

    Birtukan”s appearance in this event should be a cause for concern. We’re not sure if she has contributed to the gifts presented to Prof. Merera or made a speech at the occasion appeasing Oromo nationalists or any kind of speech for that matter. With her presence in this event, her reputation for impartiality which was legendary is shaken. At the same time, the confidence of the country’s political forces on NEB is eroded.

    The question is how can Birtukan help the country’s transition to democracy via free and fair election if she indulges in events like this?

    I think she should resign immediately from her position.

    Watch for more!

    Hamza Jemal
    May 20, 2019 at 1:24 pm
    Reply

    • ወንድም ሐምዛ ጀማል የማክበር ሰላምታዬ ይድርስዎ
      ወይዘሪት ብርቱካን ሚደቅሳ በፕሮፌሰር መራራ ጊዲና የማእረጋቸው ክብረበዓል ላይ መገኘታቸውን በተመለከተ የሰጡትን አስተያየት በጥሞና አነበብኩት ነገር ግን ወይዘሪት ብርቱካን ለምርጫ ቦርድ ሰብሳቢነት ለማንም ሳትወግን በገለልተኝነት ታገለግላለች ተብላ ተመደበች እንጂ ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ማንኛውም ማህበራዊ ህይወት ተገልላ ገዳም ገባች ወይንም መነኮሰች ማለት አይደለም ። ስለሆነም በግል ህይወቷ እየገባን ከነማን ጋር ሻይ ቡና አለች ፣ ብለን በማይገናኝ ነገር ለወቀሳ መነሳትዎ አግባብ መስሎ አልታየኝም ። ፕሮፌሴሩም ቢሆኑ ኢትዮጵያዊነታቸውንና ኦሮሞነታቸውን አጣጥመው ለመጓዝ መጣራቸው ቢያስመሰግን እንጂ የሚያስወቅሳቸው አይመስለኝም ። ምነው ጽንፍ የረገጡ ሊተቹ የሚገባቸው ከሁሉም ጎሣዎች ሞልተው የለምወይ ?

      ይቅርታ ያርጉልኝና ትቺት መደረግ ያለበት ለትቺት ተብሎ ቢቻ ሳይሆን ለእርምትና ለማስተማር ቢሆን መልካም ይመስለኛል ።

      Delu Zegeye
      May 21, 2019 at 4:03 am
      Reply

  2. Hamza Jemal, your idea is not correct. It is 100% not correct. I beg you as a good brother ask Birtukan Mideksa excuse as soon as possible.

    biru belachew
    May 21, 2019 at 12:25 am
    Reply

  3. Hamza, with due respect to the contribution of Bertukan Midekssa in our struggle for justice especially at previous elections,I want to appreciate your valuable comment that she should not be presence at a political party event that is contradictory to the principles of a public office individual role to be neutra Practitioner Login English Subscribe to ACE Newsletter
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    Conduct during Elections for Civil Servants and Ministers
    Mikael Fridell, January 14. 2009
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    Countries and organizations have constructed Codes of Conduct in order to regulate the conduct of Ministers and Civil Servants in relation to elections. There are instances where such officials/representatives have been indicted for fraud during an electoral campaign, and where it is being contested because the law is unclear and a Code of Conduct is non-existent.

    This question is a request for comparative information regarding Campaign/Election related Codes of Conduct for Ministers and Civil Servants.

    Mikael Fridell, January 14. 2009
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    Introduction
    The following reply looks at policy for Civil Servants and Ministers, and rules on how they should conduct themselves, particularly when it comes to elections. Two sources of best practice and six cases from countries around the world provide the policy examples. The information has been sourced from available codes of conduct and legal documents, mainly in the form of constitutions. International best practice comes by way of an International IDEA publication and the International Code of Conduct for Public Officials. The latter was adopted as a resolution by the United Nations General Assembly.

    The text starts off with best practice. It then proceeds to look at a regional spread of cases, including Australia, Barbados, Canada, Ghana, Ireland, and Namibia. Each case cited includes, where possible, comments on an established code of conduct and legal documents.

    Following this, some general links highlight sources for further exploration, including references to existing campaign codes of conduct in southern Africa and country profiles from the United Nations Public Administration Network.

    In the end, the references section links the example documents and quotes in the text with their respective sources, in order to facilitate further reading. This text presents a selection of existing policy and their documents, and there may be exceptions to the rules cited.

    Two Sources of Best Practice
    International IDEA has published a document on a code of conduct for political parties called Campaigning in Democratic Elections [1]. Regarding the abuse of ones position, the code states that a party that has subscribed to the code will not “(a) abuse a position of power, privilege or influence for a political purpose, by offering a reward, threatening a penalty, or by any other means; or (b) use official State, Provincial, Municipal or other public resources for campaign purposes”. This explicitly includes a governmental “position of power”.

    In a resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly regarding the International Code of Conduct for Public Officials [2], it is stated in the 11th principle that: “the political or other activity of public officials outside the scope of their office shall, in accordance with laws and administrative policies, not be such as to impair public confidence in the impartial performance of their functions and duties”.

    Australia
    Public servants in Australia can participate in politics, but with some cautions as to conflict of interest. A holder of government office is also disqualified from being a candidate in legislative elections. This information is also found on the ACE Comparative Data database [3].

    Code of Conduct
    The Australian Guidelines on Official Conduct of Commonwealth Public Servants [4], set out the standards of conduct required of public servants. It is acceptable for political participation by public servants as part of their involvement in community affairs, and public servants can “become members of, or hold office in, any political party”.

    The guidelines further notes two cautionary scenarios: “The first is that it is possible that being a member of some political groups could affect a public servant’s security assessment, depending on individual circumstances. The second is that the possibility of a conflict of interests may arise”. Moreover, the guidelines say that if a public servant is playing a significant part in a political campaign, there is potential for a conflict of interests. For instance, when engaging in campaigning activities, public servants should make clear that they are not there in their official capacity, and they should not use official facilities for their political activities.

    Constitution
    In the Australian constitution section 44, it says that candidates must sign a declaration that they are not disqualified under section 44 of the Constitution. The criteria for disqualification are detailed in the ACE Comparative Data database [5]: “Any person who: (i) is under any acknowledgment of allegiance, obedience, or adherence to a foreign power, or is a subject or a citizen or entitled to the rights or privileges of a subject or a citizen of a foreign power; or (ii) is attainted of treason, or has been convicted and is under sentence, or subject to be sentenced, for any offence punishable under the law of the Commonwealth or of a State by imprisonment for one year or longer; or (iii) is an undischarged bankrupt or insolvent; or (iv) holds any office of profit under the Crown, or any pension payable during the pleasure of the Crown out of any of the revenues of the Commonwealth; or (v) has any direct or indirect pecuniary interest in any agreement with the Public Service of the Commonwealth otherwise than as a member and in common with the other members of an incorporated company consisting of more than twenty-five persons“.

    Barbados
    In the relevant Barbados code of conduct, public officers are not to misuse their position to further their interest, including restriction on their political activity. As also stated in the ACE Comparative Data database [6], the holding of government office disqualifies a candidate at legislative elections in Barbados.

    Code of Conduct
    The Barbados Code of Conduct and Ethics [7] specifies the values that public officers are expected to uphold in the Public Service. It says that officers “shall not misuse their official position or information acquired in the course of their official duties to further their private interests or those of others”. Further below in the Code it says that “officers shall comply with restrictions on their political activities in accordance with the Act or Regulations”.

    Constitution
    The Constitution of Barbados [8] includes no explicit reference found, with regards to Civil Servants standing for election. This is not to say that there are none. However, in chapter 5 article 44 it is stated that the holding of government office disqualifies a candidate to stand for legislative elections in the country.

    Canada
    Ministers as well as public servants are instructed by the Canadian Values and Ethics Code for the Public Service to maintain political neutrality. As also stated in the ACE Comparative Data database [9], the holding of government office disqualifies a candidate at legislative elections in Canada.

    According to the Canadian Public Service Employment Act, public servants are permitted to engage in political activity as long as they can perform their duties in a politically impartial manner.

    Code of Conduct
    The Canadian Values and Ethics Code for the Public Service [10] states that “Ministers are responsible for preserving public confidence in the integrity of management and operations within their departments and for maintaining the tradition of political neutrality of the Public Service and its continuing ability to provide professional, candid and frank advice”. It also says that “public servants must work within the laws of Canada and maintain the tradition of the political neutrality of the Public Service”.

    Constitution and Public Service Employment Act
    In Canada, a holder of government office is disqualified as a candidate in the legislative elections, as stated in the ACE Comparative Data database [11]. Moreover, “persons disqualified from being candidates are: those who are not qualified electors on the date of filing nomination papers; those not entitled to vote under the Canada Elections Act, a territorial or provincial legislator; an election officer; a judge appointed by the Governor in Council (Prime Minister), other than a citizenship judge appointed under the Citizenship Act; a sheriff, clerk of the peace or county Crown Attorney in any of the province; a person who was a candidate in a previous election and for whom a return has not been provided. Conviction for an offence of corrupt or illegal practices under the Canada Elections Act can lead to a temporary disqualification from running for office, for a period of five or seven years, depending on the type of offence”.

    As referred to in the Public Administration Country Profile of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs [12], the Canadian Public Service Employment Act says that the “legislation is explicit about the rules related to political activities in the public service and applies to involvement in federal, provincial, territorial and municipal politics. Public servants are permitted to engage in any political activity as long as it does not impair, or is not perceived as impairing, their ability to perform their duties in a politically impartial manner”.

    Ghana
    In Ghana, the Code of Conduct for the Ghana Civil Service says that civil servant shall not work politically or publicly show support in politics. The country’s constitution mandates that public officers should not put themselves into conflicts of interest. Ministers have to take the lead in terms of declaring all assets and liabilities.

    Code of Conduct
    The Code of Conduct for the Ghana Civil Service [13] states that “a Civil Servant may not accept any office paid or unpaid, permanent or temporary, in any political party or organization; declare himself openly as a registered member of a political party or association”. In addition, a civil servant may not publicly support a party, candidate or policy, or involve himself in political controversy. However, a Civil Servant is entitled to his views on political matters and to vote in elections.

    Constitution
    Under chapter 24 of Ghana’s constitution [14], detailing a code of conduct for public officers, it is stated that “a public officer shall not put himself in a position where his personal interest conflicts or is likely to conflict with the performance of the functions of his office.” It further states that “no person shall be appointed or act as the Chairman of the governing body of a public corporation or authority while he holds a position in the service of that corporation or authority.”

    Moreover, Ministers “shall submit to the Auditor-General a written declaration of all property or assets owned by, or liabilities owed by, him whether directly or indirectly”. This is to be done before taking office, at the end of every four years in office, and at the end of his term in office. Failure to comply with this is to result in investigation.

    Ireland
    In Ireland, the general principle is that civil servants are not allowed to stand for parliamentary election. Ministers are not to put their individual interest before the public interest.

    Also, as stated in the ACE Comparative Data database [15], the holding of government office disqualifies a candidate at presidential elections in Ireland. A holder of government office would have to resign to qualify as a candidate for presidential elections.

    Code of Conduct
    The Irish Civil Service Code of Standards and Behaviour [16] states that “restrictions have traditionally been imposed on civil servants engaging in political activity to ensure public confidence in the political impartiality of the Civil Service.” It also states the general principles as follows [17]: “Civil servants are not permitted to seek a nomination or to stand for election to either House of the Oireachtas or to the European Parliament. This restriction applies to all categories of staff. Civil servants above clerical level cannot stand for local election.”

    With regards to Ministers and the Irish Code of Conduct for Office Holders [18], the Standards Commission [19] has described ethical behaviour in the following terms: “A successful ethics regime is one which provides mechanisms whereby the sensitivities of political/public life can be handled, where competing interests can be reconciled and where individual legislators/executives can be guided in their difficult decisions by reference to the general principle that the public interest should always take precedence over the interests of the individual and, perhaps more importantly, over the interests of a political party whether in power or in opposition”.

    Constitution
    The Constitution of Ireland [20] includes no explicit reference found, with regards to Civil Servants or Ministers standing for election. This is not to say that there are not any.

    Namibia
    In the Namibian public service, the relevant code of conduct says that staff members should avoid conflicts of interest as a general principle. Moreover, Cabinet Ministers cannot expose themselves to any situation that includes the risk of a conflict developing between their interests as Ministers and their private interests.

    Code of Conduct
    The Namibian Public Service Code of Conduct includes three main principles saying that staff members are to perform their duties with professionalism and integrity; fairness and equity are to be observed in official dealings with colleagues and members of the public; real or apparent conflicts of interest are to be avoided [21].

    Constitution
    The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs states in a document called Public Service Ethics in Africa [22] that the Namibian Constitution includes a general framework of standards of conduct regarding the President, Ministers and Members of the National Assembly and National Council and Members of Regional Councils. In the case of the members of the Cabinet, “Cabinet Ministers may not take up any other paid employment, engage in activities inconsistent with their positions as Ministers, or expose themselves to any situation which carries with it the risk of a conflict developing between their interests as Ministers and their private interests (Article 42(1))”. In addition, the UNDESA document states that “no members of the Cabinet shall use their position as such or use information entrusted to them confidentially as such members of Cabinet, directly or indirectly to enrich themselves (Article 42(2))”.

    General Sources
    A host of countries have codes of conduct governing campaigning, but that do not necessarily point out civil servants or Ministers. EISA has put together a list of such references in Southern Africa.

    The United Nations Public Administration Network also provide valuable public administration country profiles.

    It is also worthwhile to search for electoral laws and constitutions under Electoral Materials at the ACE website.

    Links to References
    1 International IDEA’s Campaigning in Democratic Elections
    2 The International Code of Conduct for Public Officials
    3 ACE Comparative Data database
    4 The Australian Guidelines on Official Conduct of Commonwealth Public Servants
    5 ACE Comparative Data database
    6 ACE Comparative Data database
    7 The Barbados Code of Conduct and Ethics
    8 The Constitution of Barbados
    9 ACE Comparative Data database
    10 The Canadian Values and Ethics Code for the Public Service
    11 ACE Comparative Data database
    12 Canadian Public Administration Country Profile of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
    13 Public Administration Country Profile of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs referencing the Code of Conduct for the Ghana Civil Service
    14 Refers to Ghana’s constitution from 1992.
    15 ACE Comparative Data database
    16 The Irish Civil Service Code of Standards and Behaviour (pdf)
    17 The Irish Civil Service Code of Standards and Behaviour (html)
    18 The Irish Code of Conduct for Office Holders
    19 The Irish Standards Commission
    20 The Constitution of Ireland
    21 Public Administration Country Profile of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs referencing the Namibian Public Service Code of Conduct
    22 Public Service Ethics in Africa by The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairsl on such.I am forwarding rules of those modern fair governments here.

    Eddie Habte Mekasha
    May 21, 2019 at 5:58 am
    Reply

  4. Thanks Eddie for your contribution.

    I insist that Birtukan M. should resign from her position as chairperson of the National Election Board (NEB) simply because it is the right thing to do.

    The Constitution in its Article 102 states ” (T)here shall be established a National Election Board independent of any influence, to conduct in an impartial manner free and fair election in federal and state constituencies.”

    This Article is not about the building or furniture in the NEB, but the people working there – individaully or collectively at a top or low level. They are legally and ethically required to be “independent of any influence” so that free and fair election is conducted in an impartial manner. The best way to be “independent of any influence” is to stay away from people and events that might influence. Despite confidence on one self, indulgence will eventually expose to influence. That’s why legal and ethical standards are set for these people. Since that’s not enough, there is swearing in too.

    Birtukan’s position is the top in NEB which puts additional responsibility on her to lead by example. If she indulges in activites like the one we saw this week, how can she expect her staff to do something different from her? Easily, the ethnically highly charged political enviornment in the country will rear its ugly head in the NEB and quash the effort to hold a free and fair election. This is not the way for the country to move forward.

    I’m not apolgetic about what I said. A long jurney starts with few steps. If we do not object what Birtukan did this week, we’ll regret tomorrow. She might do more of it and her staff will follow her footsteps. And that will be a disaster to a country that tries to build democracy. We have to be firm – without allowing to be discouraged from demanding a high degree of legal and ethical conuct from NEB’s staff by personal life and similar silly ideas. It is our country and our lives that are on the frontline.

    I think the House of Peoples’ Representatives should call Birtukanh to explan her conduct this week if she does not resign on her own accord. If her explanation is unsatisfactors weighed against the responsibility of the NEB and its staff, she should be dismissed.

    Remain vigilant.

    Hamza Jemal
    May 22, 2019 at 12:03 pm
    Reply

  5. አቶ ሐምዛ ምንም እንኳ ያቀረብኩት አስተያዬት በእርሶ እይታ እርባናቢስ ሆኖ ቢያገኙትም በእኔ እይታ ሁሉንም ነገር ከፖለቲካ ጋር ማያያዙ አግባብ አይመስለኝም ። የተገኘችበት በፕሮፌሰሩ የተከለከለው ማእረግ በተሰጣቸው ክብረ በዓልና የስጦታ ስነስርአት ላይ እንጂ በፓርቲያቸው ድግስ ላይ አይደለም ይህንን ከምርጫ ጋር ማያያዝና ስልጣን እንዲትለቅ እስከመጠየቅ የሚያደርስ ወንጀል ሊሆን የሚችለው እንዴት ነው ? ምናልባት ወይዘሪት ብርቱካን ያንን ኃላፊነት በመያዟ ሌላ ያልተመቾት ነገር ካለ በግልጽ ቢያስቀምጡ እኛም ብናውቀው መልካም ነው ። በሁለተኛው አስተያየትዎ ማጠቃለያ በራሷ ፈቃድ ስልጣኗን ካለቀቀች የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በዚህ ሳምንት ውስጥ ጠርቶ ማብራሪያ እንዲጠይቅና ማብራሪያዋ በቂ ካልሆነ እንዲያባርሯት ያሉት
    ለማንም የማትበገረዋ ወይዘሪት ብርቱካን ያንን ቦታ መያዟ ያስጨነቆት መሆኑን የሚያሳብቅ ይመስለኛል ። ለማንኛውም ወቅቱ ሲደርስ በተግባር የምናየው በመሆኑ በረባ ባረባ ባንወነጃጀል ይሻላል ። እርግጥ እንደርሷ ያሉ ወሳኝ በሆነ ኃላፊነት ላይ ያሉ ግለሰቦችን በዐይነ ቁራኛ መጠበቁ ክፋት ያለው ባይመስለኝም አሁንም ደግመዋለሁ የግል ህይወትን ፣ ማህበራዊ ግንኙነትና ፖለቲካን ማዛነቁ ለምንፈልገው አገራዊ ለውጥና እድገት ጠአቅሚ አይሆንም ። በምርጫ ለማሸነፍ ከሆነ በሀሳብ ልቆ መገኘት እንጂ ገና ጫዋታው ሳይጀመር በዳኛው ለማሳበብ መሞከር ተገቢ አይመስለኝም ።

    Delu Zegeye
    May 23, 2019 at 11:36 am
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  6. Dear Delu Zegeye,

    At first I thought your name tells your position on what’s going on in our country. That you’re not happy with delay in achieving democracy. Now I realize I’m wrong.

    What’s the difference between Prof. Merera’s private party and the meeting of his organization as long as 90% of the people present at his so called “private party” came from his party? Don’t tell me there was no talk on organizational issues and every statement to praise the professor has nothing to do with his political and organizational activities. It’s all political, man.

    What you called “የግል ህይወትን ፣ ማህበራዊ ግንኙነትና ፖለቲካን ማዛነቁ” is the point. A person from whom a high standard of legal and ethical conduct to ensure impartiality in her/her responsibility has accepted a reasonable degree of limitation to “የግል ህይወት” and “ማህበራዊ ግንኙነት”. When she/he is sworn in legal and ethical requirement is to make her/her pledge to a great ideal which involves the interest of millions of people and the entire country. In effect, the people of the country have – through its representatives (HPR) have vested the person with the power to arbitrate on who should lead them There is a considerable degree of trust that should be respected. At the same time, if the trust is broken and the future of the people and the country is compromised, a swift action is in order. I do not see how firmness on this issue diminishes “አገራዊ ለውጥና እድገት”. I see the opposite.

    Please remember that you can excel in the alternatives you put forward to change the lives of millions, but without impartial election organ to guarantee free and fair process and declare the true winner, the effort is worthless. So forget the በሀሳብ ልቆ መገኘት garb.

    I renew my call for Birtukan’s resignation.

    Hamza Jemal
    May 24, 2019 at 11:42 am
    Reply

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