Egyptian politicians always want to distract the economic and political development of Ethiopia. This type of Egyptian political game was for a very long time to the present. In simple language, one of the Egyptian government agenda from one president to the other (the previous, the current, and the next) president is monitoring the economic, educational, technological, and other development of Ethiopia. They want Ethiopia to stay as weak, unrest, and illiterate nation. By the way, only a few Egyptian wants to be part of Africa. The majority of Egyptian believe that they are Arab people and located in the Middle East. Egyptian’s attitude towards Ethiopia is like Ethiopian people do not have any right over the Nile and/or do not deserve water from the Nile river. Egypt isolated itself from Africa and prepared its political atlas map to be part of the Middle East. That is why the Arab league Parliament is supporting Egypt blindly. When Egyptian politicians campaign to office, they used the Nile river to get votes from their constituents by advocating that the Nile river is given from God to Egypt.
In the 21st century, the world is coming to be small through education, science, technology, and political advancement. We still have a classification in different ways, but the people of the world, including Ethiopia, understand that the current life is entirely different from life in 50 or 100 years ago. Egyptian government officials know that The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam has no significant impact on their water needs from the Nile river. The researchers in environmental engineering and natural resource background areas, including top Egyptian scientists, agreed that the dam has no significant impact on Egypt. The concern of the volume of water reduction when the reservoir will be filled is the first reason for the public negotiation agenda from the Egyptian side, but Egyptian government officials and politicians are looking for something else. That is called regional political, social, and economic dominance.
As we know, Ethiopia is working with the Chinese government and international investors. Economic and technological development is much at a faster rate than 50 years before. Ethiopia is the leading state in East Africa, and the Ethiopian economy is dominating the region. The youth populated landlocked Ethiopia is doing great politically, economically, socially with open-minded young leaders who can use science and technology. The leaders started to listen, professional scientists, scholars, and valued education and research in witnessing the impacts of the dam on Egyptian water need to the world. The other major concern of Egyptian politicians is that Ethiopian political stability, in which the current government of Ethiopia is working with the other political parties on the issue of the dam. The domestic political conflict can be easily resolved, and the dam is coming as the common ground for all political parties in Ethiopia. I do not think there is an opposing political party working for Egyptian needs because every citizen of Ethiopia paid time, energy, and money for this dam. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will create millions of jobs in the region and the whole of Ethiopia. The Dam will help in assuring food security by irrigation and fishing farms around the reservoir. Ethiopian will work and live in their country. The middle east and Arab countries do not like this, because It is going to be hard to get cheap labor from Ethiopia for less than $200 per month. The Arab league Parliament considers such factors for their blindsiding with Egypt on the dam issues.
Therefore, Egyptians preferred the distracting method of negotiation in which they can keep Ethiopian politicians and government officials busy so they can have enough time to confuse the world with the different allegation against Ethiopia. Egypt will not deploy troops to Ethiopia. Egypt will not bomb the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, and there is no way for Egyptians to get support from the UN Security council to go war against Ethiopia in reference to the dam. UN already urged that Africans should resolve African problems, and Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia should also resolve the issue of the dam without affecting one another. The problem is that Egyptian politicians and government officials believe that the Arab League, the UN, and/or the European Union can solve the conflict in Africa better than the African Union. Egypt does not give sufficient respect and attention to the African Union. The good thing is that Egyptians know more than any other country that Ethiopian cannot be geographically and ideally separated on the national interest of their country. That is why Egyptians will not even try to go physical war with Ethiopian on this dam, but they will never stop or even reduce their psychological war on Ethiopia in the coming 50 to 100 years. They will continue everything they could to separate Ethiopia from
international involvement on political and economic values. They will continue to confuse the world and try to get attention by stating the early and mid-1900s colonial-era the Nile river water usage agreement of the England queen
Ethiopia should continue working day and night to finish the dam as quickly as possible. The more quickly finished dam will have better resistance to Egyptian’s confusing game. Ethiopia should work with the other Nile basin countries and be transparent for the world about all the programs and schedules on the water filling of the reservoir. Ethiopian politicians and government officials should work hard and able to change their negotiating style in response as the Egyptian negotiators use a different style. Ethiopian negotiators should use international and big news agencies to advocate and tell the truth to people of the world
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Tassew Mekuria, Ph.D.
Baltimore City Community College, Baltimore, Maryland