June 26, 202
Egypt has been beating up a war dram since its independence of1953rd. Full energy with new independence, yet, inexperienced to govern modern statehood, was started looking for fights. Well, very soon, its ego was restrained after an Arab-Israel war that forced to keep her tails between two legs. Still, instead of searching for peace, it continuously instigates conflicts among African countries, specifically, the Horn of African region and Middle East countries, with the help of an Arab League, which is its own creation of a puppet organization to undermine an African Union. I would like to mention two scenarios before I start the main idea of this article how Egypt identifies itself: 1) during an Iraqi war in 1990’s, most Arab countries were in support of the West to topple down Saddam Hussein. Nevertheless, there was a disagreement among Egyptians, “We are Pharaohs not Arabs” this was a voice heard among some Egyptians. 2) I was in my undergraduate school back then, was introduced to a graduate student at school’s cafeteria. He was here only to write his thesis. This was the same time when a war was raging in Iraq. The student’s name was, Seid, and I asked him how Egyptians do identify themselves. I was just curious to know. He told me strait forward; “We do not recognize any person below Alexandria, as an Arab. There is no Arab below Alexandria.” I realized, of course, Egypt was under many influences, colonized by British, Greece, and Ottoman Empire, Turkey, and nomadic Bedouin (Arab?). Nubians (black people) were the actual original settlers of this vast land of North to East Africa, who in fact built the Pyramid that Egypt is boastful about, and were pushed away to south. Note, Pharaohs were royal subset of the society and not an ethnic group for one to call his/her identity. This is obviously an indication that Egypt is under ethnic crises. That is a reason for Egypt to take a dispute to the USA government, UN and an Arab League, and this particularly should be viewed an insult and disrespect to an African Union. It is also a pattern to collect incentives from West just like it did during Arab-Israel war. In any rate, let me go directly to my main topic.
The water of Abay River (Blue Nile) drains 85% and a White Nile 15% to flourish this desert land to the north. These rivers except an environmental destruction never benefited its source countries. Egypt is a sole and lone beneficiary of the two rivers, with only a minute amount portioned to Sudan. Egypt with the help of its colonial masters have used the Nile water for cultivating crops, including a vast land for plantations, among them cotton that consumes a lot of water. Egypt, not only use the water for agricultures and electricity, but also for recreational services where rich and famous float with their luxury yachts. Let me make things clear where Egypt is absolutely wrong. Ethiopia is a sole owner of Abay (Blue Nile) within its boundary. But Egypt would take its share once the river transit out of the Ethiopian boundary. Egypt’s claim of 55% of water is not fare to Sudan as well, and must discard the colonial agreement, which Ethiopia is not part
Conversely, Ethiopia, an oldest country on earth, and since its creation, never utilized its natural resources while suffering through recurrent and devastating droughts. Now has come a time to develop its own natural resources, to do so is not obligate to any force on earth. As Ethiopia promised, has no intention to hurt Egypt and Sudan. Surly, it keeps its own word, and never to hurt fellow human being unless its interest is unlawfully violated. Besides, the location where the dam has been built is unsuitable for other developments.
Though, here I suggest some articles to be incorporated on the agreements:
Article of Agreement must include: Egypt must pay for an ecological wellbeing of the rivers (Blue and White Niles):
Ethiopia loses trillions tons of topsoil every year through erosions which is carried away to fertilize the vast desert land of Egypt. Currently, the river itself is in a very serious danger unless an ecological and environmental protection made available to remedy the life of the river. In a past half century, Ethiopia lost 60% of its forestation and this has a direct effect on the life of a river. Therefore, Egypt must contribute certain amount of money for reforestations to protect the wellbeing of the river.
Egypt must immediately cease meddling in the political affairs of Ethiopian/Africans:
Egypt has been involved directly and indirectly to destabilize the regions of East Africa, Middle East, and the Arabian Peninsula. It funded different political and terrorist groups in these regions. A good example is the suffering and lawless Somalia. Egypt involved funding a dictator Mohamed Siad Barre who wedged a war against Ethiopia. This country never revived after the war ended, and now over thirty years. Human suffering continuous to this day, and because of the Al-shabaababe a terrorist group is in part funded by Egypt, and it is presently controls the large portion of Somalia causing havoc to the poor people. In the same token, Egypt is infiltrating to the newly created country of South Sudan to undermine peace. Retrospectively, OLF, TPLF, ELF, EPLF, and ONLF were, and maybe is still, some of them not all are receiving finances from Egypt. Most of all, the faction of Oromo Liberation Front by large for a long time has been recipient of financial, and military training from Egypt. The Abey administration, in fact, has opened up a political space and invited all political wackos but failed to control orders. His move is amicable but needs further investigations of groups tied to foreign government(s), especially with Egypt. Every political group must disclose its finances and must be barred, and criminally persecuted have they received a military and financial support from foreign countries, specifically Egypt.
Egypt manipulates religion and ethnicity to destabilize Ethiopia:
I was told years ago by well-respected non-Arab Islamic scholar that Ethiopian Muslims are “true Muslims”, and he add, are well respected with their belief. I am happy to hear this from one of esteemed scholars. Religion is personal, not to be manipulated for political gains or to put animosity among brothers and sisters. Egypt has been using religion as a weapon to divide and destabilize Ethiopia, and that is because of its selfish interest to use the Nile water to itself. The development of the dam is not for any particular group or religion believer, it is to all Ethiopians, and intended to bring out of a dark and lead to prosperity. It has succeeded to some extent in the past, but it would not work any further with new generations. The new young generations are wiser, and politically very conscious. Egypt should resolve its own problem of persecuting the Orthodox Christians by fanatic group. In fact, Ethiopia should file a lawsuit against Egypt’s interference in its own internal affairs.
Egypt’s quest is not about water: it is to keep Ethiopia and Africans under poverty
The 1880’s; the “Berlin Manifesto” is clearly manifested by Egypt’s policy. Egypt has enough water under its reservoir to maintain its needs for “100 years”, while still both rivers are running through her land. Then one can ask why it opposes the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. There is no other reason than being jealous. Egypt’s intention is to keep Ethiopia and Africans under poverty. It can be said unequivocally, Egypt is a messenger for the racist group to execute a “Berlin Manifesto” to keep Africans under dark and through poverty. This is the fact, and that, it has taken the creation of its own disagreement to the West and Arab League.
Egypt has been beating up a war drum: this would be a big mistake
In this day and age, war is not an option of a civilized nations. Obviously, Egypt has been showing off its largest collection of Western ordnances. Nevertheless, history teaches, no country in the world won a war with the use of the largest and most sophisticated weapons. If that is her option, it should seriously rethink twice, and Ethiopia is not a “banana republic”. It should be advised to revisit her past history where it was defeated more than three times by Ethiopian ancestress. War never solves any disputes, and it will make things more complicate, and even it would be a last drop of water Egypt will receive from Abay. I believe, whoever pushing Egypt from behind do not understand the psychology of Ethiopians. Only a word of kindness and selflessness wins the heart of Ethiopians.
Moreover, unintentionally, or assuming to hurt Ethiopia, Egypt has done a great favor to Ethiopia by lobbying lenders not to finance the dam. Wisely, Ethiopia organized its own people to pitch in its resources to build the dam, and this will be a good lesson to other poor countries not to rely on rich financers.
As I wrote on my previous article, Ethiopia made a mistake to agree on involving the USA politicians as observers, ridiculously they transformed themselves as decision makers. The USA has world renowned experts on any field capable of resolving conflicts, but not its politicians. Politicians are only to serve the interest group through lobbying organizations. Egypt spends a lot of money to influence the politicians through its lobby group, on contrary, Ethiopia has none.
Finally, I am highly grateful to those stood up for righteousness, especially Rev. Jesse Jackson, and members of the USA, congress and Senators. To all Ethiopians, particularly Ethiopian Muslims (Men and women, I cannot list all their names here), who have been defending the Ethiopian causes by Arabic language in Arab Media.