Happy 123 Adwa Great African Victory Day: Time to Erect the Aste Menelik Statue in Africa Now!

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NES Commentary 45

Inspiration

“In The History of Mankind, there has never been any other black man like Menelik, who had triggered a lasting fear and doubt in the mind of Europeans” Augustus Wylde

“Menelik, the Great, inspired generations yet unborn with his daring defeat of the Italian Army at the battle of Adwa. He tried diplomacy and experienced cunning; he showed character and got in return snobbery and lies; and when he saw the signs of war, he rallied Ethiopian forces to defeat the enemy on African soil. This became one of the most important lessons in African history.”

Molefi Kete Asante, author of The History of Africa

 “In 1896 it was evident that the Europeans, even those who said they were the friends of Ethiopia, would come together and betray Menelik after the Treaty of Wuchale. Africans were encouraged by the ultimate victory of Menelik’s genius and the courage of his soldiers on the battlefield. Let our youth never forget the many heroes of our victories; let our nations raise monuments to them in every city to teach lessons of resistance, selflessness, and Pan African Unity!” Molefi Kete Asante, author of The History of Africa

“If in Brazil the newspaper ‘Oh Menelik’ after the Great Adwa Victory was created, why not we fail to erect a statue in Southern Africa where Ethiopianism has inspired the liberation imagination of all Africans with the second Ethiopia Manifesto declared after Adwa Victory in 1896 in Southern Africa.”   Molefi K Asante and Mammo Muchie

“If the American president John F Kennedy, the French president Jacques Chirac and Mummar Gaddafi all recognize Aste Menelik as the greatest African leader for ably  leading and winning the Adwa  victory to make Africa free, why are some in current Ethiopia   use ethnic virus  and fail to recognize this great African leader?”  Mammo Muchie

Ethiopia has a unique distinction in the universe for empowering those that were disempowered, for humanising those that were dehumanised, spiritualising those that were denied their right to worship God and inspiring and strengthening those oppressed to resist oppression” —Mammo Muchie

Introduction

Today is the 123 Adwa Great African Victory Day. We are celebrating the Great Adwa African Victory in Johannesburg in South Africa on March 2, 2019.  The leadership of Aste Menelik is recognised and acknowledged globally. For some reason in Ethiopia, there is still a perception of Aste Menelik with ethnic curses and lenses. Ethiopians must acknowledge whatever mistakes Atse Menelik may have made, he is the greatest leader Africa ever had. It is time all Africans who genuinely recognise through the leadership Aste Menelik provided that Africa discovered the globally recognised wonder of African solutions to the problems imposed on Africa by colonialism. It is after the great Victory of Adwa the Second Ethiopia Manifesto was launched globally. Ethiopia earned the name to be the home for all non-European peoples. It became the spiritual homeland of all the oppressed people not only for Africa but also for the whole world.

The Journey is Still Not Over to End Colonialism

Today, more than ever, Africans need to look back in order to go forward.  But what do Africans see when they look back? They often are overwhelmed by seeing mainly the destructive over 500 years of the de-humanising African experience. They rarely acknowledge, appreciate, recognise and promote the numerous struggles for liberation that took place from the period of slavery to the present time in all parts of the Africana world.

It is urgent that the constructive and positive heritage of liberation struggles from every part of Africa have to be excavated, recorded, studied and  resurrected  in order to re -educate and wean generations of Africans to know that Africans have continued to sacrifice throughout the  over 500 years of destruction, thingification, colonisation and   subjection to varied forms of oppression.

  1. b) The negative destructive period must be taught with a full appreciation of the positive data of the African liberation and resistance historical heritage so that the legacy of colonialism, imperialism, apartheid, neo-colonialism and all varieties of oppression no longer affect Africans from the way they think, to the way they learn, work and look. Time to re-visit and remember all the liberation struggles to become Africans with unity and renaissance expressing full pride, dignity, self-reliance, self-confidence, freedom and independence.
  2. c) The African futures are built with the imagination and knowledge of the liberation struggle history and heritage by learning and overcoming the remaining risks and dangers from the legacy of the destructive period. The future is made by appreciating and learning from the liberation struggles how Africans tried their best to come together when attacks were directed at them.
  3. d) The liberation struggles were in various ways influenced by the shared ideas of Ethiopianism, Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance. These ideas were not just created. They are the outcomes of the heritage and history of Africa’s numerous liberation struggles. Africa’s unity is still waiting to be made. Ethiopianism, Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance will provide the foundational ideas and visions for re-thinking, re-designing and re-engineering the African united futures.

 

Why The Great Adwa African Victory is a True Radiator of the Sunshine of Liberation

The Adwa Victory that took place on March 2, 1896 was of the most significant African liberation struggles that took place during the time of the European Scramble for Africa. The Adwa Victory reinforced Ethiopianism and Ethiopianism reinforced pan-Africanism, and both Ethiopianism and Pan-Africanism reinforced the Africa Renaissance. They are one in three, and three into one. The successful resistance of the 1896 Adwa Victory symbolizes the best highway of African liberation. Any other way is not the African freeway. Africans must value and cherish their history. The Adwa Victory has to live on until Africa is fully free and united. The lessons from Adwa Victory make us all never to give up resisting all varieties of injustice Africans are still not free from. The African spirit of liberation will continue to shine ever brighter by remembering all the liberation struggles that the great African Adwa Victory represents.

The victory dented irreversibly the claim that the European colonial project was invincible. The victory was so decisive it brought into big question the project to Europeanise, just like America, Canada and Australia, the whole of Africa. Remarkably Africans from South Africa and other parts wanted to join the battle making the Adwa Victory a distinctive African battle over World Empire.

.Adwa was a major anti-colonialist battle fought by all Ethiopians, under the skilful leadership of Emperor Menelik and Empress Taitu. This victory resonated well beyond the Ethiopian and indeed the African border. It represented the clash between colonialism and liberation on a world-scale.  Emperor Menelik made the call: “Those who have strength, support us with your strength those who are weak, support us with your prayers”Empress Taitu added: “I am a woman. I do not like war. But I would rather die than accepting your deal.”

It is a matter of historical record that the Adwa victory signalled the beginning of the end of the Scramble for Africa. This victory constitutes a crucial chapter in the record of African resistance and liberation. It armed generations of Africans with the confidence of victory to engage in resistance and liberation. It attracted attention as far as the Caribbean and the Americas, not to mention South Africa, where those involved in the Ethiopianism movement decided to join directly the battle of Adwa in 1896.  In South Africa we celebrated the 120 years of the Great Adwa Africa Victory with former President and current chancellor of UNISA gave a powerful and knowledge rich highly inspiring keynote address. When we celebrated the 120 years of the Great Adwa African victory, we combined it with the 6thAfrica Unity for Renaissance Conference to open the opportunity to connect all the liberation struggles with the current call to fulfil African unity and Renaissance today. We opened with a number of partners that included the DST, NRF AISA, TMALI, UJ and TUT and others to go from talking to doing African unity and renaissance in 2010.  In 2016 Both Adwa’s African victory and the African unity for Renaissance has been run with TMALI providing the secretariat. The Patron our brother former President Thabo Mbeki gave the most inspiring and so well researched the keynote address combining the 120 years of Africa’s Adwa Victory with his powerful vision combining Ethiopianism with Pan-Africanism and the African renaissance.

The Adwa Victory forms as a key pillar reinforcing the Pan-African Congresses, and the first African liberation movement the ANC in Azania. Adwa Victory provided probably one of the best, if not the very best of all the most significant practical examples of the African resistance history during the Scramble for Africa. Hence it becomes one of the pivotal helices for Ethiopianism, Pan-Africanism and  the African Renaissance  Adwa Victory in 1896 reinforces the World Union of Ethiopians (Africans), formed as the African Association in 1897 from outside Africa. The pan-African congress was founded by Sylvester Williams in 1900 that was in direct contact with Emperor Menelik at the time. Cuban-Americans, Haitians and African Diaspora from Brazil all were inspired by the Adwa Victory of 1896. Haiti’s 100 years of independence was celebrated in Ethiopia in Addis Ababa. The formation of the African National Congress (ANC) as the first African Liberation Movement with spiritualism and Ethiopianism was acknowledged by former president Mandela as follows:

“Fundamental tenets of the Ethiopian Movement were self-worth, self-reliance and freedom. These tenets drew the advocates of Ethiopianism, like a magnet, to the growing political movement. That political movement was to culminate in the formation of the ANC in 1912. It is in this sense that the ANC, we, trace the seeds of the formation of our organization to the Ethiopian Movement of the 1890s” (Nelson Mandela, Speech to the Free Ethiopian Church of South Africa).African -American churchmen who went to South Africa in the 1890s arrived at a time when some African Christians were setting up churches of their own. This independent-church movement was called “Ethiopianism”

Ethiopianism became a generic term to describe a whole range of the black man’s efforts to improve his religious, educational and political status in society. It became the concept that constituted pan-Africanism from the 18th, 19th to the 20th century until World War I in 1914.The Adwa victory provided practical expression to Ethiopianism: self-worth, dignity, unity, confidence, self-reliance, race pride, spirituality and freedom from colonialism.

Lessons from the Adwa African victory over World Empire are relevant to strengthen Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance for our time and the future. The Africa Union, all the current African states, the entire African Diaspora and even all those nations across the world that have been colonised are welcome to participate and contribute and spread vast education and awareness to reach every African child, woman and man across the world.

Concluding Remark: A Handbook on the Great Adwa African Victory Is A Must Read for ALL

We need to produce a handbook on the Great African Adwa Victory and publish it to launch on the 125th of the Great African Adwa Victory Day on March 2, 2021.

We suggest there should be the following areas included in the handbook.

:

  1. The Significance of the Adwa Victory for Expediting African Unity Today
  2. The Lessons of the Adwa Africa Victory against the Scramble for Africa
  3. The Relationship of Adwa Victory with Ethiopianism,Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance
  4. Adwa’s African Victory with ANC, and the Pan-African Congresses
  5. The Relevance of the lessons from the great Adwa Victory to Diffuse Pan-African education
  6. The Relationship of Liberation Struggles inside and outside Africa
  7. The Contribution of the African Diaspora   to the Adwa African victory
  8. Adwa Victory make Africa a victor not a victim
  9. Adwa Victory the Best Example for providing African solutions to African problems Evaluating critically political and economic de-coloinsation
  10. Using Adwa Great African Victory as a Model for Anchoring Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance to close the colonial chapter finally.

Wishing you all to spend the happy Adwa Great African day memorably and educationally to make Africans own rich Africa and make every African to live   by enjoying additive and multiplicative capable life free from the subtraction of life with poverty, inequality and ballooning unemployment.

Prof. Mammo Muchie, DPhil

DST/NRF SARChI Research Professor on Science, Technology, Innovation and Development :Tshwane University of Technology , Adjunct Professor in BDU & Harmaya, Ethiopia , and Riara University in Kenya, and Associate Faculty Professor, Sussex University, U.K.

e-mail: muchiem@tut.ac.zamammo.muchie@gmail.com,

Website: www.tut.a.c.za  www.tmd-oxford.org/content/mammo-muchie

www.tandfonline.com/rajs and www.ajstid.com

www.nesglobal.org and http://nesglobal.org/eejrif4/index.php?journal=admin

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11 Responses to Happy 123 Adwa Great African Victory Day: Time to Erect the Aste Menelik Statue in Africa Now!

  1. I like this article and like it a lot. Such is the talk I love to hear. So Talk that talk to me dear professor!! Just keep on preaching!!!

    There should not be blinking at the fact that a decisive battle took place in 1896. There should not be blinking at the fact that the battle was between an African nation and a European super power. There also should not any blinking at the fact that that African nation was a country of the colored and Italy was there to colonize it. The main reasons for the European nation decision and scramble for colonizing Africa have been well documented and explained in detail countless times by the Europeans themselves. Are you with me so far? It is also a fact that for the most part those European nations were very successful in grabbing one vast African territory after another in a matter of less than a decade. That is until one of their fellow colonizers met his match(master) in the field on that fateful day. The outcome was earth shattering!!! It was an outcome that sent chills in the spine of all bigots from Mississippi to the decision making halls in Berlin. It was the only battle where its outcome a man of color forced a ‘powerful’ bigot to recognize him and his fellow countrymen/women as equals. Tell me one African or Asian(Except Japan in 1905) who achieved such a feat? Name one!!! There is also one person that should be mentioned when that victory is told; The role of that fire spitting first lady, Taytu. There is a boatload of evidence about the critical role she played in events leading up to and including during the day of the battle. O Almighty!!! I love to hear the story of that unflinching patriot!!! She showed and left evidence that our women have been capable of taking matters in their own hands and run even the country as a whole. And I hope they will have the chance to do that while I am still on this good earth. The signs of the times have been encouraging to me lately. I hope and pray that the trend will continue. We men have had our chances and it is time for us the go back in line at least for 100 years continually.

    Now we hear from some corners with certain individuals busying themselves in the tasks of smearing this glorious day. I am not surprised by their shameful acts just because I know they are gripped with such a hatred toward others who they consider not from one of their own ethnic group. They are bigot in their own right. They hate everyone else and they are out there to pick a fight. If you talk positively about that battle, for them, you are either a neftegna or a neo-Gobena. You think the KKK and Neo-Nazis are racist but that is until you talk to these individuals in our midst. All you need is a light tickling. Just pull them aside and utter a word or two from their custom made dictionary. You may end up confusing them with real KKK and the Neo-Nazis. The only issue you may have is that you will be looking at black men just as colored as you are. That is why I have been urging others to call these eyal-al-souqs just as who they really are; bigots!!!
    The history of the old country needs to be told from different perspectives just as those well dealt and documented history of other countries. There is a good deal of historical material that has not been brought to light. Factual stories should be brought to the fore such as the real reasons why Kumsa of Leqa along with his next door rivals Jote Tullu, Aba Jifar of Jimma, Dinegde of Chabo in all put their John Hancock on the dotted line with Gobena and Menelik without firing a single shot. Also why Gobena submitted to a dilapidated runaway Menelik? Gobena was very powerful who commanded tens of thousands of well armed men under his fiefdom. So why did he choose to work under the leadership of a prison escapee in 1868? Why? Also why the rulers of Wollega and Jimma chose to recognize the leadership of Menelik when they could put up a lethal resistance by colluding with a ready-to-oblige British and French empires just stone throw away from Jimma or Neqemnte? Also why Oromos from the then Shewa region decided to march in my hood under the command of Abu Shaitan? Abu Shaitan was himself said to be fluent in Oromifaa? Why? What was going on then? If someone tries to tell me that those Mecha and other Oromos under the command of Abu Shaitan were forced to come and pllage my hood, that will not hold water. Also why such battle did not take place at the heavily contested area in the south or southwest? How come the proven colonizers, Britain and France, chose to stay out of it? The south/southwest was wide open for them; the eastern part was wide open for them when the entire army under Menelik left for Tigray? Why didn’t they? It was already in their game plan as stipulated at the Berlin Conference attended by 14 European nations in 1884-85. As a late comer engineer-turned-history-buff, I am not well equipped to provide amicable answers. That is why I have been calling upon our own men/women of history among us to shed some light on these questions. Well, Gobena was duped, Moroda was cheated, Aba Jifar was hoodwinked, Jote was brainwashed kind of history telling will not cut the mustard for me or anyone else and it would be tantamount to ‘story telling’ chipped away from the books written by bigots with ulterior reasons. Some of those bigots and latter day historians were missionaries and others were there as European ‘expeditionary’ groups!!! Some of these disguised ‘bigots’ tried to tell me in their books that after half of the then population of Oromia was decimated by Menelik/Gobena’s army, the survivors enthusiastically participated in the Battle of Adwa. In fact, without the participation of my Barentu Oromos, any sensible historian will come to a conclusion that the Battle of Adwa would have ended in favor of Baratieri and most of us would have had Giorgio as our last names by now. I want independent minded historians to explain it to me in ways that make good sense and with facts.

    Again, I like this article by the dear professor. Right on and keep on writing!!!!

    Ittu Aba Farda
    March 3, 2019 at 7:58 pm
    Reply

  2. Bigots calling others “bigots”! Audacious!

    The victory at Adwa may have served as a symbol of victory of the black race over white colonialists. But within Ethiopia, it has masked the fact that Ethiopia itself was a colonial power. The battle at Adwa in fact was a fight between two colonialists scrambling for African territories, Italy to gain more colonial land including the home territory of Minilik, and Minilik defending his home turf and his colonies in the south.

    Abyssinian under Menelik was the only black power to take part in the colonial scramble. Menelik clearly expressed motives of his conquests in a letter dated 10th April 1891 to the European powers meeting in the infamous Berlin Conference (to partition Africa) in which he stated: “I have no intention of being an indifferent onlooker if the distant powers have the idea of dividing up Africa for Ethiopia has been for more than fourteen centuries an island of Christians in the middle of the sea of pagans.”

    Whether “Gobena was duped, Moroda was cheated, Aba Jifar was hoodwinked, or Jote was brainwashed”, we do not know for sure. But they are not the obly ones to “put their John Hancock on the dotted line without firing a single shot.” Remember, most of the European colonies were gains by decieving illiterate African petty kings and rulers to put their thumbs onto the dotted line, even if the rest of the paper was empty!

    Thus, “…Menelik claimed a place among the colonial powers for his Ethiopia which became the only African colonial power the Europeans hesitatingly recognized. The weapons Menelik used to conquer the areas in the south and later to defend against the Italian invasion [of 1896] came from Europe.” see Pausewang, S., “A new world order for third world peasants?” in Adedej, A. et al (eds.) “Africa within the world”, Zed books, London, 1993.

    A paper presented to the League of Nations in 1935 under the title “Domination of the Negus over Non-Abyssinian Populations” described the indescribable agony of the conquered peoples as follows:
    “The Abyssinian domination in the conquered countries takes concrete form in the slave trade and the so-called gebbar system. The slave trade … is due not only to a desire for gain, but also to the idea, deep-rooted in the Abyssinians’ mind, that their victories have left them absolute masters of populations which, in their eyes, are no more than human cattle.

    The gebbar system is a form of slavery, and is regarded as such by European writers and travelers. In each of the countries conquered and annexed by Abyssinia, a body of Abyssinian troops is stationed, comprising the soldiers themselves and their families. The inhabitants of the conquered country are registered in families by the Abyssinian chiefs, and to every family of Abyssinians settled in the country there is assigned one or more families of the conquered as gebbar. The gebbar family is obliged to support the Abyssinian family; it gives that family its own lands, builds and maintains the huts in which it lives, cultivate the fields, grazes the cattle, and carries out every kind of work and performs all possible services for the Abyssinian family. All this is done without any remuneration, merely in token of the perpetual servitude resulting from the defeat sustained thirty years ago.” in: Ethiopia: land of slavery & brutality – League of Nations, Geneva 1935, Official No. C.340.M.171.1935.VII.

    ስለዚህ፣
    ልክ ነጮቹ የቀይ ህንዶችን ህዝብ እስክ 90% እንደቀነሱት፣ የአውሮፓ ቅኝ ገዢዎች በአውስትራሊያ ነባር ህዝቦች ላይ አሰቃቂ ግፍና ዕልቂት እንደፈጸሙት፣ እዚሁ አፍሪካ ኮንጎ (ዛዬር) ውስጥ የቤልጂዬም ግዢዎች 10 ሚሊዮን ጥቁሮችን እንደጨፈጨፉት ሁሉ
    ሚኒሊክም በጦርነትና በባርያ ፍንገላ ሰበብ የኦሮሞን ህዝብ ቁጥር ከ10 ወደ 5 ሚሊዮን እንዲያሽቆለቁል፣ ይባስ የካፍቾ እና የዎላይታ የመሳሰሉት ህዝቦች ቁጥር በ2/3ኛ እንዲቀንስ አድርጎአል !!

    All these are recorded facts. Surely, it is a blasphemy to those worshiping Minilik. But, for the sake of those black Africans that perished or suffered the agony of colonialism and enslavement in Ethiopia as well, the truth must be told!
    If a statue is a must, for all these too must one “Erect the Aste Menelik Statue” with the proper notes, Now!

    Abba Caala
    March 4, 2019 at 6:40 pm
    Reply

    • Your last point in Amharic, This is all recorded facts…If they are recorded facts bear your evidence. Let alone the Oromo the entire Ethiopian population may not be higher than 15 million in those years. You are politically motivated rather than historic.

      Teshager Abebaw
      February 26, 2020 at 10:16 pm
      Reply

  3. .” በጥጋባቸው አድዋ ላይ ተዋግተው ድል ሆኑ :: እኔ ግን በድንቁርናቸው ብዛት የእነዚያን ሁሉ ክርስቲያን ደም በከንቱ መፍሰሱን እያየው ድል አደረኳቸው ብዬ ደስ አይለኝም….”

    አፄ ምኒልክ ለሙሴ ሽፍኔ መጋቢት 23 ቀን 1888 ዓ.ም ከፃፉት ደብዳቤ ::

    “…in their arrogance they were defeated at Adwa. Seeing however that so much Christian blood was shed due to their great ignorance, I do not say happily that I was victorious over them.”

    Emperor Menelik II to Monsieur Léon Chefneux
    March , 1896

    Aste Menelik was very kind. He was never a colonialist like the European colonialists. He had over 10,000 books most of them on ancient African and Asian history.He said he cannot simply allow the European pcolonial powers to tear into pieces Africa. God and his ancestors will not forgive him.He also believed Ethiopia is not just what we have now.. he did say that the Ethiopian kingdom is also all Africa.

    It is not good to equate the inter- tribal fights and wars in Africa with the the European colonial divide and rule they imposed which has not been removed even to this day in Africa. It is not simply what Ase Menelik did in Keffa, Arsi, Wollega, Illbabur and all.It is also even to this day people still fight within the various killel.. Let us not blow up this inter-tribal fights with the European colonial onslaught that made Africa to this day remain divided. With the great Adwa African victory successfully done under the brilliant leadership of Aste Menelik and Etege Taitu, the whole of Africa learned the most distinctive lesson: they can defeat European colonialism. The Europeans have acknowledged it by accepting “barbaric Menelik” defeated them.

    Aste Menelik deserves a statue in all of Africa!(https://ethioexplorer.com/the-battle-of-adwa-when-ethiopia-crushed-italy/)

    Mammo Muchie
    March 5, 2019 at 5:41 am
    Reply

  4. .” በጥጋባቸው አድዋ ላይ ተዋግተው ድል ሆኑ :: እኔ ግን በድንቁርናቸው ብዛት የእነዚያን ሁሉ ክርስቲያን ደም በከንቱ መፍሰሱን እያየው ድል አደረኳቸው ብዬ ደስ አይለኝም….”

    አፄ ምኒልክ ለሙሴ ሽፍኔ መጋቢት 23 ቀን 1888 ዓ.ም ከፃፉት ደብዳቤ ::

    “…in their arrogance they were defeated at Adwa. Seeing however that so much Christian blood was shed due to their great ignorance, I do not say happily that I was victorious over them.”

    Emperor Menelik II to Monsieur Léon Chefneux
    March , 1896

    Aste Menelik was very kind. He was never a colonialist like the European colonialists. He had over 10,000 books most of them on ancient African and Asian history.He said he cannot simply allow the European colonial powers to tear into pieces Africa. God and his ancestors will not forgive him.He also believed Ethiopia is not just what we have now.. he did say that the Ethiopian kingdom is also all Africa.

    It is not good to equate the inter- tribal fights and wars in Africa with the the European colonial divide and rule they imposed which has not been removed even to this day in Africa. It is not simply what Ase Menelik did in Keffa, Arsi, Wollega, Illbabur and all.It is also even to this day people still fight within the various killel.. Let us not blow up this inter-tribal fights with the European colonial onslaught that made Africa to this day remain divided. With the great Adwa African victory successfully done under the brilliant leadership of Aste Menelik and Etege Taitu, the whole of Africa learned the most distinctive lesson: they can defeat European colonialism. The Europeans have acknowledged it by accepting “barbaric Menelik” defeated them.

    Aste Menelik deserves a statue in all of Africa!(https://ethioexplorer.com/the-battle-of-adwa-when-ethiopia-crushed-italy/)

    editor Ee-JRIF
    March 5, 2019 at 5:44 am
    Reply

  5. .” በጥጋባቸው አድዋ ላይ ተዋግተው ድል ሆኑ :: እኔ ግን በድንቁርናቸው ብዛት የእነዚያን ሁሉ ክርስቲያን ደም በከንቱ መፍሰሱን እያየው ድል አደረኳቸው ብዬ ደስ አይለኝም….”

    አፄ ምኒልክ ለሙሴ ሽፍኔ መጋቢት 23 ቀን 1888 ዓ.ም ከፃፉት ደብዳቤ ::

    “…in their arrogance they were defeated at Adwa. Seeing however that so much Christian blood was shed due to their great ignorance, I do not say happily that I was victorious over them.”

    Emperor Menelik II to Monsieur Léon Chefneux
    March , 1896

    Aste Menelik was very kind. He was never a colonialist like the European colonialists. He had over 10,000 books most of them on ancient African and Asian history.He said he cannot simply allow the European colonial powers to tear into pieces Africa. God and his ancestors will not forgive him.He also believed Ethiopia is not just what we have now.. he did say that the Ethiopian kingdom is also all Africa.

    It is not good to equate the inter- tribal fights and wars in Africa with the the European colonial divide and rule they imposed which has not been removed even to this day in Africa. It is not simply what Ase Menelik did in Keffa, Arsi, Wollega, Illbabur and all.It is also even to this day people still fight within the various killel.. Let us not blow up this inter-tribal fights with the European colonial onslaught that made Africa to this day remain divided. With the great Adwa African victory successfully done under the brilliant leadership of Aste Menelik and Etege Taitu, the whole of Africa learned the most distinctive lesson: they can defeat European colonialism. The Europeans have acknowledged it by accepting “barbaric Menelik” defeated them.

    Aste Menelik deserves a statue in all of Africa!(https://ethioexplorer.com/the-battle-of-adwa-when-ethiopia-crushed-italy/)

    please approve it .. it is in response to the 2nd comment.. a response is necessary

    editor Ee-JRIF
    March 5, 2019 at 5:45 am
    Reply

  6. I don’t know about erecting a statue for him ‘in Africa’. He should be commended for his ability to mobilize such huge army(willing to fight I may also add) and also for letting his generals come up with a well coordinated winning plan. Whether we like to hear it or not the victory of Adwa(as decisive one) stands alone as beacon for the colored to be very proud of. My credit to him stops there. What he and his right hand general Gobena had done destructive pillaging in many parts of the country is a different bowl game. His other generals such as Balcha, Moroda, Jote, Aba Jifar, Dinegde, Abu Shaitan and others like them had laid siege in many other parts of the country including in the vicinity of my own hood. Some of these chiefs were very active in the lucrative slave trade owning specific routes for such despicable and shameful act. No wonder why all these generals were so fanatics about the Emperor. I have been begging for answers since I read about these powerful generals especially Gobena, Kumsa and Jote as to why they paid allegiance and became such fanatic supporters to a prison escapee. Did a 21 year old ‘convict’ with less than a dozen empty handed guards in his command possess such a supernatural power to cast a spell on these powerful warlords? Ok, Kumsa and Jote came into the fold later on but how about Gobena with his powerful army of fierce fighters? So what happened or how could that happen? As a layman in history I don’t really have amicable answer and I want historians(our own) to come up with factual material. I need ocular proofs. What was the justification for Gobena to submit to a 21-year old runaway convict called not Menelik but some other commoner name? I mentioned Gobena here more than any other Oromo names because he has been the most vilified Oromo by bigots and use a nomenclature made of his name to insult others including this writer. If any historian tries to tell me that he was ‘cheated’ then I would tell such historian to stop insulting me and every other Oromo. Gobena was not that stupid and we Oromos have the capability and the intellect to pick out a cross-eyed bee from out of a huge stinging swarm. So don’t even think about it!!!! Also, if someone tries to justify his assessment in reference to some books penned by some foreign writers, it ain’t gonna fly with me. I will give you an example. I had seen an excerpt from an 1895 edition of the New York Times about a telegram it received from a reporter stationed in Massawa. It was 1895 and that Italian reporter was there to witness the arrival of thousands of Italian soldiers disembarking from ships that just arrived from his/their homeland. They were heading to the warfront to kill every hostile ‘nigger’ that came their way. You can tell the purpose of the telegram. In the telegram the reporter tried to tell the world how Menelik slaughtered tens of thousands and took in tens of thousands more as prisoners that same year and they were all Oromos. He mentioned Oromos because he knew they were his and Crispi’s government’s worst nightmare if a war broke out. So how come the Oromos fought and played a critical role in the outcome of the Battle Adwa just a few months after that telegram was dispatched from Massawa? Again, if you try to tell me they were connived or they did not know about the massacre that was running amuck in their huts and villages, again I will tell you to stop insulting me. Try something else. A lot more needs to be studied about this battle and the historical victory achieved by my grand cousins along with their brothers from Amhara, Tigrai and many other regions. Again, the topic here is and should be about that battle and that battle alone. What happened aftermath of March 01, 1896 is a totally different issue that needs to be examined independent of books written by outsiders with ulterior motives. I have read enough already of that sort from the accounts penned down by Wahhabi elements since the 13th and 17th centuries. And we have so many enlightened scholars of our own very much capable of telling the truth and nothing but the truth about it. I don’t want ibn-Legesse to tell me about it either.

    It has also been a long journey since 1896. It is so a grey area which has been used by bigoted elements with the main agenda of founding a fiefdom to call it their own. Or re-founding a fiefdom their grandfathers gave away without putting up even a token resistance. And that ain’t gonna happen either. As far resistance by others like my own Itu clan, all you have to do is wake up Abu Shaitan and he would be very, very happy to tell you all about it. That dear countryman historian Obbo Bahru and Professor Marcus have mentioned all about it. That is all I am saying!!! So let it rip!!! Rain it down on me dear countrymen!!! Until you do that there will be no stopping this diehard Afro-centric man of color from basking in ravaging pride from the victory his grand uncles achieved on that fateful day. Nothing!!!!

    Ittu Aba Farda
    March 5, 2019 at 9:46 pm
    Reply

  7. Abba Caala
    Here you go again. I have been reading your your full of haterade writings for a while. My conclusion now is that you are not a only a bigot but ignorant nationalist.’EMPTY VESSELS SOUND LOUDER’ you interpreted of history is to suite your haterad for northern ethiopians. Are you still talking about abssinians. You are black KKK.

    feyisa
    March 6, 2019 at 4:03 pm
    Reply

  8. I don’t know about erecting a statue for him ‘in Africa’. He should be commended for his ability to mobilize such huge army(willing to fight I may also add) and also for letting his generals come up with a well coordinated winning plan. Whether we like to hear it or not the victory of Adwa(as decisive one) stands alone as beacon for the colored to be very proud of. My credit to him stops there. What he and his right hand general Gobena had done destructive pillaging in many parts of the country is a different bowl game. His other generals such as Balcha, Moroda, Jote, Aba Jifar, Dinegde, Abu Shaitan and others like them had laid siege in many other parts of the country including in the vicinity of my own hood. Some of these chiefs were very active in the lucrative slave trade owning specific routes for such despicable and shameful act. No wonder why all these generals were so fanatics about the Emperor. I have been begging for answers since I read about these powerful generals especially Gobena, Kumsa and Jote as to why they paid allegiance and became such fanatic supporters to a prison escapee. Did a 21 year old ‘convict’ with less than a dozen empty handed guards in his command possess such a supernatural power to cast a spell on these powerful warlords? Ok, Kumsa and Jote came into the fold later on but how about Gobena with his powerful army of fierce fighters? So what happened or how could that happen? As a layman in history I don’t really have amicable answer and I want historians(our own) to come up with factual material. I need ocular proofs. What was the justification for Gobena to submit to a 21-year old runaway convict called not Menelik but some other commoner name? I mentioned Gobena here more than any other Oromo names because he has been the most vilified Oromo by bigots and use a nomenclature made of his name to insult others including this writer. If any historian tries to tell me that he was ‘cheated’ then I would tell such historian to stop insulting me and every other Oromo. Gobena was not that stupid and we Oromos have the capability and the intellect to pick out a cross-eyed bee from out of a huge stinging swarm. So don’t even think about it!!!! Also, if someone tries to justify his assessment in reference to some books penned by some foreign writers, it ain’t gonna fly with me. I will give you an example. I had seen an excerpt from an 1895 edition of the New York Times about a telegram it received from a reporter stationed in Massawa. It was 1895 and that Italian reporter was there to witness the arrival of thousands of Italian soldiers disembarking from ships that just arrived from his/their homeland. They were heading to the warfront to kill every hostile ‘nigger’ that came their way. You can tell the purpose of the telegram. In the telegram the reporter tried to tell the world how Menelik slaughtered tens of thousands and took in tens of thousands more as prisoners that same year and they were all Oromos. He mentioned Oromos because he knew they were his and Crispi’s government’s worst nightmare if a war broke out. So how come the Oromos fought and played a critical role in the outcome of the Battle Adwa just a few months after that telegram was dispatched from Massawa? Again, if you try to tell me they were connived or they did not know about the massacre that was running amuck in their huts and villages, again I will tell you to stop insulting me. Try something else. A lot more needs to be studied about this battle and the historical victory achieved by my grand cousins along with their brothers from Amhara, Tigrai and many other regions. Again, the topic here is and should be about that battle and that battle alone. What happened aftermath of March 01, 1896 is a totally different issue that needs to be examined independent of books written by outsiders with ulterior motives. I have read enough already of that sort from the accounts penned down by Wahhabi elements since the 13th and 17th centuries. And we have so many enlightened scholars of our own very much capable of telling the truth and nothing but the truth about it. I don’t want ibn-Legesse to tell me about it either.

    It has also been a long journey since 1896. It is so a grey area which has been used by bigoted elements with the main agenda of founding a fiefdom to call it their own. Or re-founding a fiefdom their grandfathers gave away without putting up even a token resistance. And that ain’t gonna happen either. As far resistance by others like my own Itu clan, all you have to do is wake up Abu Shaitan and he would be very, very happy to tell you all about it. That dear countryman historian Obbo Bahru and Professor Marcus have mentioned all about it. That is all I am saying!!! So let it rip!!! Rain it down on me dear countrymen!!! Until you do that there will be no stopping this diehard Afro-centric man of color from basking in ravaging pride from the victory his grand uncles achieved on that fateful day. Nothing!!!!

    Ittu Aba Farda
    March 6, 2019 at 8:15 pm
    Reply

  9. What happened to my follow up comment?

    Ittu Aba Farda
    March 7, 2019 at 11:50 pm
    Reply

  10. Abba Caala, Albert Eisenstein said two things are infinite- you are a classroom to one of them!

    Ephrem Madebo
    December 12, 2019 at 2:24 pm
    Reply

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