How TPLF Tried to Create Tigrayan Hegemony but Ended Up Leaving Ethiopia Hostage to OLF and Erasing the Sovereign Existence of Ethiopia as a Nation

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By Koki Abesolome

The Prosperity Party (PP), Ezema and other unity forces should reframe the debate in such a way that they can advance their unitary agenda without being trapped within the parameters of the dichotomous “Federalist vs. Unitary (አሃዳዊ)” space.

The purpose of this article is to shift the political debate from “Federalist vs. Unitary (አሃዳዊ)” that is framed by tribalist forces to “Federalist System Empowering Small Tribes vs. Federalist System Denying Rights to Small Tribes.” This will deny Oromo and Tegaru tribalists the opportunity to capitalize on their false narrative and expose them that their agenda is to empower themselves at the expense of smaller tribes.

Two caveats are in order before I turn to the issue at hand.

Let me start with an explanation why I use the term tribe instead of ethnic, and tribal homelands rather than regions.

First, when ethnic politics degenerates, it becomes tribal in the most primitive sense of the term. We have long exited the realm of ethnic politics. We are deep into the abyss of a tribal nation. This was evident when our universities turned themselves into enclaves of primitive tribes where members of one tribe engage in bloodsport fueled by thirst for the blood of another tribe.

Second, in the recent past, Ethiopian tribal politics has been the domain of Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigray tribal forces. I am focusing on Oromo and Tegaru tribalists. There is no need to focus on Amhara tribalists because they have fallen into oblivion. Currently, their political clout is as irrelevant as any one of the politically irrelevant small tribes. I am also not discussing the Somali tribal land because it is increasingly elevating itself above the tribal fray.

At the heart of our primitive tribal impulse resides an inherently flawed constitution that was designed to establish Tigrayan hegemony but ended up making Ethiopia hostage to OLF and OLF inspired Oromo tribalists, leaving Ethiopia without sovereign existence. Articles that Tigrayan tribalists inserted in the constitution ended up giving Oromo tribalists power to take Ethiopia hostage under the authority of the constitution.

What is the problem with Ethiopia’s tribal federation? Let us compare it with the US and India – two federalist nations. The US as a nation is “indivisible”. In India, the union is “indestructible” but the states therein are “destructible.” The Indian government is empowered to divide an existing state into two or combine two or three states into one.

The opposite is true in Ethiopia. Article 39 renders the Ethiopian nation destructible. OLF’s long held obsession to destroy Ethiopia and build Oromia from its ashes was institutionalized by a constitutional dictum.

Section 1 of article 8 of the Constitution promulgates “sovereignty resides in the nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia.” Section two adds “This Constitution is an expression of their sovereignty.” There is no national sovereignty of the motherland to speak of.

Pay attention to the term “peoples.” The Ethiopian constitution is the only constitution on this side of planet Mars that uses the term “peoples” in reference to the people of a nation. The word “peoples” is repeated 90 times. This is to stress Ethiopia as a home to different peoples of different nations and nationalities.

In the rest of the world, states, provinces, regions or ethnic enclaves exist within a country. Sovereignty is bestowed upon the people as citizens of the nation state. Every power derives from the people as citizens of the nation and is instituted for their benefits.

In Ethiopia, the country is reduced into a nebulous existence that is predetermined by the sovereignty of nine tribal homelands. As a country, Ethiopia neither possesses an inalienable sovereign right nor a constitutional means to reign in tribal political forces that want to break it apart.

For example, the Oromo tribe can end the existence of Ethiopia. The Constitution is an expression of this sovereign right. How so?

Assume the Oromo homeland decides to declare independence from the rest of Ethiopia, exercising its sovereign right enshrined in Article 39. This will geographically separate Gambela and the Southern Peoples tribal homelands from the rest of Ethiopia.

This accords Oromo politicians a unique power to hold the country hostage in political negotiations because of their ability not to break away from Ethiopia, but also to geographically break two other tribal homelands from their motherland – Ethiopia.

If Oromo tribalists decide to break away from Ethiopia, they can hold Gambela and the Southern Peoples tribal homelands as circumstantial hostages. Neither is economically viable to live on its own and its geographic separation from its motherland (Ethiopia) leaves it with no option but to seek a federation or confederation arrangement with the Oromo tribal land.

There is also a more vexing issue of Addis Ababa. Though the capital city is within the Oromo tribal land, the way the attendant laws are written, it makes it nearly impossible for Oromo to take Addis Ababa with it when it secedes. That creates a unique situation if Oromo secedes without Addis Ababa. Alas, Ethiopia’s capital city will be in a neighboring country. This is how utterly stupid the constitution is.

The Tigrayan tribalists constitutionalized secession as a pacifier (ደረቅ ጡጦ) to appease OLF without any intention of honoring it. The removal of TPLF from the helm of Ethiopia’s political structure, the democratization of the political space and the current administration’s respect to the constitution of the land accorded OLF and company a hostage taking power.

Oromo tribalists are quick to remind their critics that the constitution gives them a veto power to block any constitutional reform that will resurrect Ethiopia as a country with constitutional sovereignty. For tribalists the only way they will accept the notion of Ethiopia as a nation is if it is stripped of its sovereignty and the status of constitutional sovereignty is exclusively reserved for tribal homelands. No other country is stupid enough to have such a constitution.

This is nowhere clearer than in Jawar Mohammed’s statement: “Multinational federalism ingrained in the current constitution is here to stay. It’s not up for discussion, let alone negotiation. Anyone caught in some FANTASY should wake up from their hallucination” (original emphasis). As far as Jawa is concerned, the Oromo tribal land’s sovereignty rights will remain inviolable even if its secession violates the constitutional rights of Gambela and Southern Peoples tribal lands to remain within their motherland – Ethiopia.

If the all too familiar adage that one person’s (group’s) constitutional right ends where the constitutional right of another person (group) begins is valid, then the occupants of Oromo tribal land should not have a constitutional right to infringe upon the rights of Ethiopians of Gambella and Southern Peoples heritage.

Unfortunately, this argument has no basis in our constitution because Ethiopia as a country does not have a sovereign existence. Nor do Ethiopians as its citizen.

We have three option to address the problem. One is to scrap the “self-determination up to secession” clause. But neither Oromo nor Tigrayan tribalists will accept any reform and the constitution accords them a veto power to stop any constitutional reform that they do not like.

The Oromo position is inexplicable. It is unprecedented in any country where the largest tribal group champions and imposes secession as a political strategy. They claim Article 39 is an ultimate guarantee for tribal homelands from the federal government’s desire to encroach on their rights, fearing the nuclear option of secession. But the truth is that they see it as a legally sanctioned hostage taking power.

The second option is damage control. That is to redraw the tribal homelands in such a way that no matter which region(s) leave the union, the remaining regions will not be geographically separated from each other. We may have to hire experts in computational geometry to study if there is a solution. I do not claim to be an expert in computational geometry. But my intuition is that the problem represents a geometrical impossibility and a constitutional stupidity.

The third option is to empower smaller tribes within the constitutional order to protect them from majority tyranny and hostage taking. This is the issue that we need to hammer and force Oromo and Tigray tribalists to answer.

In a country where tribal rights serve as a proxy through which individual rights are conferred on citizens, some 70 of the 84 Ethiopian tribes are not even mentioned in the constitution. They are locked in a paradox between Ethiopia’s legally and politically ungovernable hinterlands. In some parts of the country they live in terror between tribal human hunters and temporary shelters. Short of a total overhaul of the constitution to anchor it on citizenship rights, the following steps need to be taken to enfranchise currently disenfranchised tribes.

• Acknowledge each tribe in the constitution.

• Reform the constitution to give proper representation to all 84 tribes in the two Chambers of the Parliament. If the constitution is interested to help every tribe to nurture its culture and language, the primary issue would be empowering smaller tribes. እንዳይጨፈለቁ

• Representation in the Lower Chamber (Council of Peoples’ Representatives) should be based on population size of the different tribes. As the current president of the Somali tribal land noted, his people are grossly underrepresented. Somali tribal land has more population than the Tigrayan tribal land. However, the Tigrayan tribal land has 35 seats while the Somali tribal land has only 24. Did I mention Tigrayan tribalists were apportioning seats in the Parliament. Anyone who says the current constitution is designed to empower every tribe is dishonest. It was designed to empower the Tigrayan tribal land.

• In the current arrangement, the Upper Chamber (Council of the Federation) has no power. It should be empowered to pass a law or reject a law from being enacted. The Chamber should have two representatives from each of the 84 tribes, following the US Senate model that gives two seats for each state regardless of the population or economic size of the states. In the US the state of California with a 40 million population has the same voting power in the Senate as the State of Wyoming that has only 578 thousand people.

Under such an arrangement, the Upper Chamber will protect smaller states or tribes from bigger states or tribes because their votes carry the same weight. If the lower chamber passes a law that undermines the rights of smaller states or tribes, the upper chamber can reject it.

In our case, this will not only empower smaller tribes but will also weaken Amhara, Oromo and Tegaru tribalists, the source of Ethiopia’s political problem. How does it weaken the trios?

Giving equal representation to all tribes will result in the realignment of the current coalition in favor of nationalist forces because smaller tribes find it in their best interest to have a united Ethiopia for various reasons.

First, they know that they cannot form a viable independent nation by themselves and their survival as a free and prosperous people depend on their ability to live with others.

Second, they know that the secession of larger tribal homelands (say Oromo) is not in their best economic interest. Their chance of economically surviving and thriving in a nationalist Ethiopia is far better than in a weaker and smaller Ethiopia that is shrinking by secessionist tribes.

Third, in a united and democratic environment they will not be circumstantial hostages or risk being forcefully swallowed by bigger tribes. More recently they have seen what happened to Gamo and Gedeo tribes.

Finally, and most importantly, Ethiopia’s politics will be dominated by negotiation and debates between the Lower and Upper Chambers of congress where they have legislative power rather than by tribal conflicts between three tribal forces.

Not surprisingly, the Oromo are not the only group who are opposed to constitutional reform. TPLF demigods who are hunkered in a bunker in the outskirts of Mekele are bent on maintaining the current constitution. But their motive is different.

The current constitution has allowed them to curve out fertile lands from current day Amhara tribal land. Their fear comes from opening this issue for negotiation or arbitration. They insist the solution is in the constitution. The constitution was authored in a way that any kilil can veto any constitutional reform. Obviously, if there is a constitutional reform that will open this issue for arbitration, mediation or constitutional reform, TPLF will veto it.

In the final analysis neither Oromo nor Tigrayan tribalists care about the rights of nations and nationalities. If that was the case, they will lead the effort to empower them.

The Abiy administration and the unionist forces should change the political talking point from “Federalist vs. Unitary (አሃዳዊ)” to “Federalist System Empowering Small Tribes vs, Federalist System Denying Rights to Small Tribes.”

 

20 Comments

  1. የአማራ ክልል ህወሓትን በፀብ አጫሪነት ከሰሰ:: 27.07.2020
    ባህርዳር በተጀመረው የክልሉ 5ተኛ ዓመት 15ተኛ መደበኛ ጉባኤ
    የአማራ ክልል መንግስት ርዕሰ መስተዳድር ፣ አቶ ተመስገን ጥሩነህ የክልሉ ህዝብ ራስን ለመከላከል የሚደረገውን እንቅስቃሴ እንዲደግፍም አሳስበዋል፡፡ በህገወጥ መንገድ ተደራጅተው የክልሉን ሰላም ሲያናጉ ነበሩ የተባሉ ከ1300 በላይ ሰዎች ደግሞ በሰላማዊ መንገድና በኃይል ወደ መንግስት መግባታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡
    የአማራ ክልል ርዕሰ መስተዳድር አቶ ተመስገን ጥሩነህ የትግራይ ክልልን የሚያስተዳድረውን ህዝባዊ ወያነ ሓርነት ትግራይ (ህወሓት)ን «በጠብ ጫሪነት» ከሰሱ። የርዕሰ መስተዳድሩ ክስ የተሰማው ዛሬ በጀመረዉ የአማራ ብሔራዊ ክልል ምክር ቤት 5ኛ ዙር፣ 5ኛ ዓመት የሥራ ዘመን 15ኛ መደበኛ ጉባዔ ላይ ነዉ። ርዕሰ መስተዳድሩ ህወሓት «የሀሰት መረጃ እየለቀቀ ለዘመናት በአብሮነት የኖረውን የቅማንት እና የአማራ ሕዝብ ወደ ግጭት እንዲያመራ እየሰራ ነው» ሲሉም ወንጅለዋል። የትግራይ ክልል የመንግሥት ኮምዩንኬሽን ጉዳዮች ቢሮ ኃላፊ ሊያ ካሳ ግን የርዕሰ መስተዳድሩን ክስ አጣጥለዋል። በህገወጥ መንገድ ተደራጅተው የክልሉን ሰላም ሲያናጉ ነበሩ የተባሉ ከ1300 በላይ ሰዎች ደግሞ በሰላማዊ መንገድና በኃይል ወደ መንግስት መግባታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ይሁንና በአዋሳኝ ክልሎች የአመራር ለአመራር ለሕዝብ ዉይይት ማካሄድ ስለመቻሉ ተመሥገን ጥሩነኽ ተናግረዋል። በቤኒሻንጉል ጉሙዝ ክልል ተፈናቅለው የነበሩ ዜጎችን ወደ ቀያቸው መመለስ እንደተቻለም አቶ ተመሥገን አሳውቀዋል።

    የአማራ ክልል ህወሓትን በፀብ አጫሪነት ከሰሰ::

  2. salute Ayele Engidasew for his incisive commentary, beginning and ending with
    የአማራ ክልል ህወሓትን በፀብ አጫሪነት ከሰሰ:: 27.07.2020.

    Commentary, 27 July 2020
    It is truly a magnificent, eloquent and DECENT response, using the Amharic Language that I admired for a very long period of time, for its usage in diplomacy and compressive enough to enable writers to express emotions and opposing opinions with extraordinary DIGNITY, unparalleled even by the international language English !!! I am NOT linguist by any stretch of imagination, but a person who admires written expressions, in my limited ability. THE END

  3. Please do not post other news to destruct readers from discussing the very interesting topic the article put forward.
    I think websites should review comments and notify/mark/exclude when a comment is out of topic. Otherwise, interesting, teaching, and most impactful topics will be overshadowed by emotional and/or fake discussions. That might be an easy way to undo the hard work of the writers and the editors (in selecting the best article) and block topics one may not like.

  4. Dear Koki Abesolome,

    Thank you for this well articulated, thoughtful and educational article That’s so much refreshing to read than the boring recycling of the same ignorant characters circulating under various nick names. Ethiopia needs you and voices like you at this critical time. You are absolutely right that the constitution reduces all of us to tribalist heard animals as opposed to rational thinking human beings capable of rational existence. Ethiopia cannot be left to this blood thirsty tribalist. It’s our country too. Just like they created a tribal system to control our national destiny there is no reason why we cannot recreate and reshape it in Ethiopia’s image. We just have to fight and push back as stronger than they do to dived us. This is not the time to be afraid of these tribalist forces. Keep writing Koki. Keep educating. Thank you and God bless you.

  5. Go Koki!

    Respect my sister. የተማረ ይግደለኝ ነው የሚባለው። We were so hungry for this kind of intelligent perspective and analysis. የሚጣፍጥ ምግብ ምንድን ነው ቢሉት ሲርብ የበሉት ነው። That’s how I feel right now. የነዚ የዘረኞቹንና ደደብ ፖለቲከኞች የሚለፈልፉትን የማይረባ ወሬ ድምጥምጥ አርጎ የሚጨፈልቅ አስተያየትና ስነፅሁፍ ነው ይዘሽ የቀረብሽው። እግዚያቤር ይባርክሽ!!!

  6. Go Koki!

    Respect my sister. የተማረ ይግደለኝ ነው የሚባለው። We were so hungry for this kind of intelligent perspective and analysis. የሚጣፍጥ ምግብ ምንድን ነው ቢሉት ሲርብ የበሉት ነው። That’s how I feel right now. የነዚ የዘረኞቹንና ደደብ ፖለቲከኞች የሚለፈልፉትን የማይረባ ወሬ ድምጥምጥ አርጎ የሚጨፈልቅ አስተያየትና ስነፅሁፍ ነው ይዘሽ የቀረብሽው። እግዚያቤር ይባርክሽ!!!

  7. Go Koki!

    Respect my sister. የተማረ ይግደለኝ ነው የሚባለው። We were so hungry for this kind of intelligent perspective and analysis. የሚጣፍጥ ምግብ ምንድን ነው ቢሉት ሲርብ የበሉት ነው። That’s how I feel right now. የነዚ የዘረኞቹንና ደደብ ፖለቲከኞች የሚለፈልፉትን የማይረባ ወሬ ድምጥጥ አርጎ የሚጨፈልቅ አስተያየትና ስነፅሁፍ ነው ይዘሽ የቀረብሽው። እግዚያቤር ይባርክሽ!!!

  8. ውድ የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስተር ኣቢይ ኣህመድ፣
    ከፖለቲካ ውጭ እንኳን የሚባል ነገር የለም፣ ግን እስኪ ዛሬ አንድ ከፖለቲካ ውጭ የሆነን ተማፅኖ እንዳቀርብ ይፈቀድልኝ::
    ትላንት ሌሊቱን በትግርኛ የሰጠሄውን ቃለምልልስን በሙሉ ወደ አንድ ስዓት ከአስር ደቂቃዎች ሙሉ አየሁት አደመጥኩት::
    ከመጠን በላይ impressed ስለሆንኩኝ አንድ ሌላ appeal ለማቅረብም ተነሳሁኝ ::
    በርግጥ በኩፍኛ ስራ እንደሚበዛብህ ይገባኛል፣ ግን እንዲሁም ሆኖ ተማጽኖየን ላቅርብ::
    ካለህ የስራ ብዛት እንደምንም ግን በዓመት አንድት ስዓትም ብትሆን ሰረቅ አድርገህ ወደ ኣኽሱም ዩኒቨርስቲ ዘንዳ ብቅ እያልክ የትግርኛን Lecture እንድትሰጥ እንማፀንሃለን:: ስትመጣ ለጉሮሮ የሚሆን ውሃን ልናቀርብልህ እንደምንችል ተስፋ አደርጋለሁኝ፣ ዘብም ማምጣት አያስፈልግህም፣ ምድረ ፅዮን ዘንዳ ነፃነትህ የተጠበቀ ይሆናልና::

    ሞቅ ካለ የወገናዊ ሰላምታ ጋራ
    Unity in diversity
    ዘረ-ያዕቖብ፣ ዘብሄረ ግዝኣት ዓድዋ- ምድረፅዮን

  9. This is one side of the story! What we need is justice, the idea of the motherland is elusive when injustice is the norm in the system. I always ask why only The so-called Amhara is so defensive. I havve the answer. We need to change the language ( the official one , the Amharic one) then we all be happy that our children from all tribes get equal opportunity. Do the so-called ahmare accept it? I do know!

  10. The world has gone crazy. If anyone doubts just look around you and you will find ample evidence of that. There is turmoil around the globe. There is not place with out underlying or simmering conflict in this world. What is saddening is this: What was right is becoming wrong. What was perceived and believed to be unethical is becoming accepted norm. The world is desensitized. Torture, killings, rape,displacement of millions of people does not register in most of us. It is a passing wind.
    The generation that is told the center of life is you, is in love with the MY and I related inanimate objects. We tell ourselves we are civilized yet we do uncivilized acts. When caught doing wrong, we externalize blame and open a campaign of disinformation. By amplifying lies we declare we are innocent. The trail of the accused is no long with proving wrongdoing but accusations is sufficient to pass judgment. This is the quagmire Ethiopians are finding themselves after 27 years of Mafia rule. History tells us Ethiopians have been killing each other throughout millennia. Seventeen years of the Derg is a classical example of how our precious youth was wiped out for a worthless ideology. What we hear and see after TPLF is heart wrenching. OLF and the numerous other groups do not want peace.They want their own Oromia. That is what they have been saying and struggling and I say let them have it.They will start killing each other the next day. Ethnic politics is poisonous to the soul of a human being. And there no cure for it until death. What this looters and killers do not want to know is the world is no more one tribe or ethnic identity residence. It is a collection of nations and nationalities. I must be clear to the readers, it is not only the Oromo politicians that are ethnocentric. Thanks to the TPLF Kilil politics there are many others as extreme as the Oromo Politicians. A White man asked one Oromo youth (born and raised in Denmark), where are you from? The youth replies “Oromia” oh you mean Romania? No Oromia, where is that? Oh that is near Ethiopia. I know Ethiopia but not Oromia. Changing the subject the White man asks the youth – You speak a perfect French. Yea, I was born and raised here? I see you are not Oromia then you are Danish. The youth tries to continue the conversation the man pulls out a Magazine and start reading ignoring him for good.
    The transition from TPLF rule to Oromo centered rule did not yield any dividend to our people. As it was in the previous years the killings of Amharas and many other groups is continuing an abated. What is shocking is the burning of Churches and the killing of Oromo Christians. This is what is called shockingly sadistic. PM Abiye if he fails to take a decisive measure he himself will be the victim of these morons in no time. There is time to kill, and killers must be killed. Period! Otherwise, the fate of Ethiopia is increasingly becoming that of Yugoslavia. The country of Marshal Tito is no more a country but enclaves of Ethnic groups accusing and fighting each other. Finally, advice to the TPLF leadership. Stop your madness.No one will touch the Tigrean people. It is only in your head. Reconcile your differences within the party and stop warmongering and join the people of Ethiopia and the central government with no strings attached and contribute what you can for the betterment of our country and people.

  11. Hi Koki

    Most lucid and effective argument that I read for a long time! Hats off, sister. You say a lot in a relatively short article.
    Recently, the desperate gasp of the destructive forces, TPLFites and OLFites, is getting shriller by the day. They came to know their clumsy conspiracy to destroy the oldest country of Africa is crumbling.

    Ethiopians from all walks of life are now rising to defend the sovereignty of their country. The key concepts that were used to damage us are ‘killil’ and ‘konstitution’ (k instead of c has been used by Al Mariam mocking TPLF’s fake constitution). No to bantustans!

    Let’s march forward!

  12. The chronic cancer of that cursed country is trying to establish from zero new social system based on lie and myth.Everything you dig to realize your nostalgia for the past glory of king kings under the cloak of unitary is system started to fragile because of you and your likes selfish and ego.you failed for the last two years galloping without reign in power politics.when nations nationalities aware and consolidated their unity to challenge ,you try to come out with another garbage and nonsense.Just like derg era your denial of Nations and nationalities in their proper term will put you as a devil who devoted to destabilize and and terrorize our people. The mighty military power that was built by Mengistu couldn’t stop Eritrean freedom fighters from Eritrean independenceh.Under your noseTPLF aggrandizing itself in front of your nose,you have no face to face speak about them leave alone to insult or humiliate. You are highly desperate because of medieval age nostalgia for the past glory. You and your likes for the second time hijacked the change for peaceful and democratic transition into your shrewd bloodthirsty activities. This time it will not be easy as usual.My kind and good hearted people gave them golden opportunity to lead forgetting their criminal activity with TPLF.Debtera elites like you kidnapped the promising PM as a girl hostage now you try dance as hero to confuse once again. You lost it you cannot catch the golden bird.your tribalist Federation vs Multinational and nationalities is closed case.your prosperity party better to say poverty promoting party failed from start ,Kokiis article nothing but a cry Of failure EPP fail in the last two years.

  13. Thank you, Koki, for the insightful analysis of the constitutional quagmire Ethiopia is in. The way out of it will undoubtly not be easy. It makes it worse when there is no political willingness from the Prime Minister. I remember him saying, ” We are not going to change the Constitution for the sake of one group” in response to Dr Ambachew Mekonnen’s, the late president of Amhara Region, request. Whether PM Abiy has changed his position to see Ethiopia exist as it is or not is yet to be seen.
    I don’t know the trigger to set off the secession process, but if there is a pro-Ethiopia central government it won’t be easy to achieve their goal. Failing that, I hope the military will intervene and save the coutry from descending into perpetual chaos.
    Long live unified Ethiopia in peace.

  14. Thank you Koki! This is brilliant.

    Zewdu Gebre-Hiwet, the last thing we need in Ethiopia is a military intervention. That will be unacceptable to all Ethiopians  and the world community.  Ethiopia has been there, done that and it was a catastrophe the fallout of which we’re still picking up the pieces.  We know what it means when soldiers are allowed to run a country. It means more death, misery,  and rule by decree.  Sad to say that’s been the secret fantasy of the disgruntled TPLF ever since it was sidelined from  power.  The Tigrayans are great people and keepers of Ethiopia’s ancient history. But they need to rise up and force the reform of TPLF from inside or get rid of it. TPLF is the cancer of our diseased society. It’s up to the people of Tigray to save Ethiopia from itself. Instead military why not launch a civilian movement by establishing an Ethiopian Renaissance  ሕዳሴ political organization or party with a stated objective of a peaceful struggle to dismantle (improve) and replace the current tribal administrative system with modern federal system, as explained by Koki, without consideration to tribal affiliations. The primary mission of the ሕዳሴ or Renaissance party is to capture political power through popular vote and immediately set out to legally reorganize the country and  eliminate tribal politics from the national scene. It won’t be done overnight. It will take time. It will require money, resources, and dedicated leaders and volunteers. It will require building alliances, partnerships and friendships across the ethnic and political borders all over Ethiopia and the Diaspora. But  it could be done; it should be done and it ought to be done. It has to be done. It will be done.  It took TPLF 30 years to dismantle Ethiopia. If Prosperity does not deliver the same result by 2025 (five years from now), ሕዳሴ could be an alternative force. Better to fantasize about ሕዳሴ party than a military takeover.  What we’re lacking is imagination.

    The man who has no imagination has no wings.” ―Muhammad Ali

    “You can’t depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of focus.” ―Mark Twain

    “Without leaps of imagination, or dreaming, we lose the excitement of possibilities. Dreaming, after all, is a form of planning.” ―Gloria Steinem

     “Imagination creates reality.” ―Richard Wagner

    “Imagination is the beginning of creation. You imagine what you desire, you will what you imagine, and at last, you create what you will.” ―George Bernard Shaw

    “The imagination is the golden pathway to everywhere.” ―Terence McKenna

    “Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.” ―Albert Einstein

  15. Bbbaaarriisssoo,

    I think your criticism of this elegantly argued article is a bit harsh in my opinion. If you disagree with the ideas conveyed in the article may I suggest you write your alternative views and I am sure zehabesha will oblige to publish your article we can read it and make our minds up. I don’t have much to add to what Tesfa’s compelling comments. He has pretty much nailed it. Other than to say, l think the time has come to realize blaming the Amharas and gurages and others for every inadequacy is not going to lead Ethiopians to transform into a better and enlightened society. The amharas and the gallant and heroic Oromos have been living together as Ethiopians since the Oromo settlement and occupation of the Oromia regions of Ethiopia for around 375 years. In fact according to Paul Hinze, the Dutch in South Africa and the Europeans in north America have lived longer than the Oromos occupation/settlement of some of the areas currently occupied by the Oromos: ሀይለኛ አየኼደ ያስገብራል የትም፥ መሬት የሁሉ ናት ባለቤት የላትም፥፥ In short, no one has more claim than any one else in any specific region in Ethiopia. It is every Ethiopians birth right to wherever they want to live and work. The time has passed for both Tplf and Olf. If what they want is to go their own way, let it be decided by a referendum. In my view, I don’t think the amhara living in gonder, gojam, wello or shewa would care much; they will probably wish them:መንገዱን ጨርቅ ያርግላችሁ. Then you will have the Oromo paradise lead by the those famous stalwarts of human kindness jawar, ibsa and gerba. Good luck with that.

  16. ባሁኑ ስዓት ካለችበት ሁናቴ ተነስቶ ግን በ100% ሊስተገበር ይችላል ባይባልም፣ ግን ለማንኛውም ኢትዮጵያ ካለችበት ሁናቴ ትገላገል ዘንዳ እንደ ጥሩ መንደርደርያ ሃሳብ ሊወሰድ ይገባል:: ጦርነት የሚባል ነገር ህልቀትን እንጂ ጥቅምን የማያስከትል ለመሆኑም አስምሮበታል፣ ይህ አባባል ካሁን በፊት የነበረውን “ሕረዶ-ቕተሎ” ባህርያትን አስወግዶ ኢትዮጵያውያን እርስበራሳቸውም ሆኑ ከጎረቤት ሃገሮቻቸው ጋር በሰላም ይኖሩ ዘንዳ ያደፋፍራል:: እስከዚህን ጊዜ ድረስ በጣም ጥሩ::
    ችግሩ ግን አንድ ቅራኔን ተወጥቶ ሌላ ቅራኔ ሲመጣና ሎሎች ሃይሎችም እጃቸውን ሲከቱ፣ የተወጠነው ጥሩ ነገር ወደ ሌላም ሊለወጥ ስለሚችል ነው:: በአብይ ዘመነ መንግስትም እንዲህ አይነት ነገር ታይቷል:: ገና አብይ መጥቶ ከኢሳያስ ጋራ ሰላምታ ከመለዋወጡ፣ ኢሳያስ ሳዋን ሲከፈት አብረው ቆመው ካስመረቁት ከነስብሓት ጋራ ኢትዮጵያን በመዝረፍ ጉዳይ ላይ ስለተጣሉና ኢሱም ቂምታው እስካሁን ጊዜም ስላልወጣለትና በእነሱ ላይ መበቀልንም እንደ ተቀዳሚ ተግባር አድርጎ ስለወሰደ፣ ህግና ስነስርአት በሌለው መልኩ የታጠቀ ሃይልን እነ ስብሓት ወደ ተደበቁበት መቐለ ዘንዳ ማሾለኽ ሆኖ ተገኘ፣ ይሄ ደግሞ በኢትዮጵያና በኤርትራ መሃከል ለኖቤል ሽልማትም ሁሉ የሚያበቃ “ሰላም” በሚካሄድበት ስዓዓት ላይ ነው የተከሰተው:: እንደዚህ አይነት ተግባራትን ስናስታውስ፣ ለማንኛውም ግን ጠንቀቅ ማለትን ችላ ላለማለት እንገደዳለን::
    ስለሆነም ባጠቃላይ በተለይ ተጋሩ ጠንቀቅ ብለውም አብይ ለሰነዘረው የሰላም እጅ፣ እንደ መልስ የሰላም እጅ መሰንዘር ይገባል፣ እጅ ተሰናዝሮ ደግሞ ወደ ጭብጥ ነጥቦች መድረስ ያስፈልጋል:: በድብብቅም ሳይሆን በግልጽና በህዝብ ፊት መካሄድ ይገባዋል::
    ክልል ትግራይ ፈደራልን መታዘዝ አለበት፣ ትጥቁን ግን እንደነ ኢሳያስ አይነቶቹ ቂምበቀልተኛ እስካሉ ጊዜ ድረስ ዝም ብሎ መፍታት አይችልም፣ የነኢሳያስ ባህል ከ1965 ዓ.ም. ገደማ ጀምሮ እስከ አሁንም በ“ሕረዶ-ቕተሎ” ተበክልዋልና ሰላምን አስመልክቶ እነዚህን ለማመን አይቻልም፣ ለነገሩ እነ ኢሳያስ 2000 ዓ.ም. ገደማ በነ “በርሀ ሻዕቢያ” አብቅቶላቸው ነበር፣ ግን MLLT ዘረፋዋን ትቀጥል ዘንዳ በጥባጮች ስለሚያስፈልጓት፣ እነ በርሀ ተገደሉና እነ ሻዕቢያ በሂይወት ተረፉ፣ ዘራፊው ፖለቲካም እንዳለው አለ::
    ጭብጥ ለመሆን፣ ትግራይም እንደማንኛውም ክልል ለፈደራል ትገዛለች፣ ትጥቅዋን ግን አትፈታም፣ የትጥቅዋ ተግባር የጠቅላላ ኢትዮጵያን ድንበርን ማስጠበቅ ይሆናል የትግራይንም ጠላት ከተከሰተም ለመከላከል፣ ከአጥቂነት መቆጠብ አለበት የሚታዘዘው በትግራይ ፖለቲካና የኢትዮጵያ ድንበር ከተደፈረም ፈደራል በትግራይ ፖለቲካ በኩል አድርጎ ድንበር ወደ ተጠቃበት ያሰልፈዋይ፣ ይሄ ሁናቴ አካባብያችን ዘንዳ በጥባጮች እስካሉ ጊዜ ድረስ ይሰነብታል፣ በመጨረሻው ግን በጥባጮችና ዘረፋም አልቆላቸው ፅዮን ህዝቦችዋንና ግዛቶችዋን ስታሰባስብ ኢትዮጵያም በመጪው ትውልድ እንዳገና ትዋቀራለች::
    የዚያን ሰው ይበለን
    Unity in diversity!

  17. “ጠቅላይ ምኒስተር አብይ አህመድ በትግርኛ የሰጠው ቃለ ምልልስ በመቶ አስር ከመቶ 110% ጥሩ በመሆኑ፣ ኢትዮጵያ ባሁኑ ስዓት”

    የሚለው መጀመርያው መስመር ላይ ስለተቆረጠ፣ እባካችንን ይሄን ጨምረን እናንብበው

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