Part II: Debunking Ethiopia’s Higher Water Resources vis-à-vis Egypt: A Closer Look at the Hydrologic Outputs – Stream water Outflow

2 mins read

By Tekleab Shibru (PhD)

 Associate Professor of Geomatics, Chicago State University


Ever since Ethiopia embarked on Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), to generate electricity that would light 60% of 114 million Ethiopia’s population, Egypt has engaged in an inexorable diplomatic campaign of decrying Ethiopia’s right to use its natural resources. This rather fabricated victimhood is resonating with the larger international community given Egypt’s desertic climate. The notion that the annual average 100 mm rainfall is the only source of water for Egypt’s 100 million, if not for Nile river, is refuted in the part I of this article. This part of the article compares the Nile river basins of the two countries focusing on the portion of rainfall that is exiting the watershed through surface run-off water (i.e., stream water outflow).  Accordingly, Ethiopia’s Nile river sub-basin loses 12.8 BCM of water through the Tekeze-Atbara river; 54.4 BCM of water through Blue Nile river, and 13.6 BCM of water through the Baro-Akobo-Sobat river a total of 81 BCM; while Egypt’s sub-basin is losing none. Therefore, defining Ethiopia as country with plentiful water resources, based on the rainfall data alone, without accounting the portion of the rainfall that is actually exiting the Ethiopia to drain into Egypt’s, is inconclusive. It is, therefore, about time for the international community to examine the alleged predicament with scientifically verified evidences and hold a moral ground that is fitting to the standard. —–— Read More——-


Keywords: Stream water outflow, Watershed hydrology, Water budget, Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), Egypt, Ethiopia

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