Violent Extremism and the Warning Signs of Civil War Ethiopia Today

Filed under: Opinion |

By  Dawit Wolde Giorgis

A year ago, the people of Ethiopia ecstatically welcomed PM Abiy Ahmed and his colleague Lemma Megersa as peacemakers, unifiers and reformers introducing Ethiopia to a new era of national unity.  He quickly opened up the political space, released prisoners, and made peace with neighboring Eritrea.  However, that euphoric sentiment is now changing to fear and uncertainty largely due to the ethnic conflicts consuming the country.

Most Ethiopians hoped that Ethiopia could make a peaceful transition under the leadership of Ably and Lemma, and the people supported the two leaders wholeheartedly despite Ethiopians’ misgivings about Abiy’s and Lemma’s past involvement in the brutal security apparatus of the Ethiopian People’s Democratic Force (EPRDF).

He still speaks of a peaceful prosperous united Ethiopia with half the population unemployed and ethnic hostility reaching a critical level. People are being slaughtered like animals. Churches are being burnt. Christians are being persecuted. The age old Coptic Church, which has existed and flourished in Ethiopia since the birth of Christ, is now under siege, publicly condemned and publicly declared as a target of the Oromo extremists. Many Coptic churches have been burnt and some asked to leave some areas.

Oromo extremists wanted to show the supremacy of their tribe in the most brutal way reminiscent of the Rwanda genocide. And yet the prime minister did not have the will or the desire to quell the anarchy and bring to justice those who have committed such crimes.  There are as many and perhaps more  political prisoners in the cells across the country than the numbers of prisoners he released when he came to power two years ago. Public meetings and demonstrations are banned for all except for the Oromo ethnic group. Freedom of speech and expression has been curtailed significantly. Arbitrary arrest and detention by government forces has become routine. Non-Oromos across the country live in fear and most have left their rural homes and descended upon the urban areas where they felt they would get protection. But in some of the major cities they are being hunted, imprisoned, harassed and their houses burnt.

The Ethiopian prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, was recently awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to end Ethiopia’s 20-year war with Eritrea. Photograph: Mikhail Metzel/Sputnik/Kremlin Pool/EPA

PM Ably is no more seen by many as the charming leader and uniting force people have believed he was at the beginning of his tenure. His speeches and particularly the one he made at his first year anniversary of his ascension to power has become a turning point in the optimism people had on PM Ably. He came out as a brutal leader prepared to stifle freedom of expression and dissent. He ranted about the need to control freedom of expression and closing social media. He did not seem to like the criticism directed at him and his polices. Since then he has come out clearly supporting the extreme elements that are creating havoc in Addis and in  every region in Ethiopia.

The Nobel Prize seems to have emboldened his determination to continue giving the image of a peacemaker while pursuing a policy that makes it possible to put his tribe in absolute control of every aspect of life in Ethiopia and  eliminate any resistance through his ruthless rogue forces one of which is led by a man called Jawar Mohamed, the CEO of OMN, a media out let which preaches hate and supremacy of Oromos and violent Muslim extremism.

 

Jawar Mohamed ,CEO of Oromo Media Network (OMN)

Last April I wrote: “Jawar is an ethnic and religious extreme. He has been caught on tape telling his crowd that he will cut off the heads of Christians. Like the ‘interhamway’ of Rwanda Jawar has recruited young Oromos who call themselves “ keros’ to do the dirty work of killing plundering and creating an atmosphere of fear in the nation.

One writer, Mekuria, writes:  “ It was alarming to see how these youngsters, once thought as intelligent and self controlled were in reality so haplessly uninformed that they showed up in full force to do the bidding of their handlers no questions asked. The image of Kero youngsters brandishing machetes and other homemade weapons was a pitiful sight to see. It reminds me more of the notorious Boko Haram about whom I have written a lot, than the peaceful youngsters with their arms crossed over their heads in protest. That Ethiopians had come to love and appreciate. Kero youngsters are Ethiopians who desire better than being reduced to doing the dirty work of others and getting tarnished in the process. They have camp Jawar to thank for it “ (ECDF)

This month Jawar made up an excuse of being threatened by government security  and mobilized his Kero forces who murdered  78 people,  burnt houses,  established road blocks in several places in the city of Addis Abeba, robbed people and for a few days paralyzed the nation, and yet the Prime Minster personally had nothing meaningful to say about this extraordinary incident except a hollow statement issued by his office. He never stated that criminals will be brought to justice nor did he utter the name Jawar nor his organization. This is an indication that either he is collaborating with the extremist Jawar or is simply incompetent to lead this country to peace and democracy.  It is truly remarkable that the head of state should behave in such a way when the very survival of this nation has become a big question mark.

I laud the courage of the President, Sahle Work  Zewde,  who stated publicly:

“ A red line that we have to draw and respect for the sake of our country and people has been crossed; we all have a role to play to rescue our country from the danger that it is facing. All concerned have to do their part. Let us say a red line should not be crossed” ( Translation from Amharic by Borkena)

The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission has issued a stern statement calling for the Ethiopian government to hold all those responsible for the brutal and shocking killings of innocent citizens (Borkena)

 

Failed State

With the unfolding situation,  Ethiopia has definitely become a failed state. The new index will reflecting current situation  will show up next year since the fragile state index is an annual ranking of 178 countries. It is still in the group of 22 failed countries in the world. It certainly improved after the release of prisoners and the sense of stability that was created immediately after PM Abiy came to power. But that has changed now.  (Read my last article A Country on the Brinks, April 8, 2019 ). Weak and fragile states are fertile grounds for violence and extremism.  “A State’s failure to provide basic rights, services and security not only contributes to growing inequality, it also creates a vacuum that allows non-state actors to take control over State sovereignty and territory. There is a risk that failed political transitions, with weak institutions, law enforcement and checks and balances provide a fertile ground for violent extremism. Weak States thus create opportunities for the physical location of extremist groups.” ( UNDP, Preventing Violent Extremism)

As I stated in my earlier article a failed state includes:

  • Lack of control over armed forces, militias, etc. within the country
  • Lack of free participation in politics

.     Lack of control over territory within national borders

  • Massive displacements
  • Failure to provide public services food health shelter etc.…
  • High level of corruption in whatever government does
  • High numbers of refugees seeking to leave
  • No or poorly functioning economy

Today Ethiopia almost  all the above. The most critical is human security. States fail because they can no longer provide security to the people.  When a state  fails to  provide security it  loses its  legitimacy in the eyes of the public. Millions of Ethiopians  have now started taking necessary steps individually or in groups, including taking the law into their hands. Robbery, including bank robberies, gruesome murder, torture has become so prevalent that media outlets have stopped even reporting unless it is a little different from what is routinely taking place in many parts of Ethiopia.  The government is bankrupt and is unable to provide basic services.  Inflation and unemployment is at its highest in the nations history.  Extreme poverty has driven people to join criminal gangs and violent extremists.

Under these situations, other internal and external interest groups take advantage of the vulnerability of the population and create the conditions of wide spread violence through the supply of armaments money and the radicalization of vulnerable groups. The competition for scarce resources, the lack of security and absence of law and order has created a vacuum of leadership at local and village levels. This vacuum  is being filled by ethnic war lords and criminal gangs easily bought and sold by money some of which is being pumped into Ethiopia by foreign extremist elements. It is to be remembered that the government itself admitted that ISIS is operating in Ethiopia and some people have already been caught with incriminating materials.

Djibouti is emerging as the new regional arms trafficking hub. The small strategically located state acts as a transit location for weapons trafficking between Yemen and northern Somalia through the AMISOM mission among other actors in the trade. The findings are the result of an investigation carried out by EXX Africa (specialist intelligence company that delivers forecasts on African political and economic risk to businesses) in illegal weapons trade in the Horn of Africa. There is equally disturbing weapons smuggling activities across the borders with Sudan as evidenced by reports of the government of Ethiopia

 

Violent Extremism

The complex security situation in the Horn of Africa and the coastal states  of the Red Sea cannot be defined only by its strategic and geographic location. It is also defined by the resurgence of violent extremism   and other kinds of conflicts, which have complicated the already complex situation in the Horn.  The resurgence of ethnic and religious extremism in Ethiopia will totally alter the political and security dynamics in the Horn of Africa resulting in a security crisis that cannot easily be controlled and probably transform into a proxy war.  The Horn of Africa is the most complex and militarized region in the world and with the destabilization and resurgence of violent extremism,  Ethiopia  will undoubtedly be in a crisis that will severely affect the entire region.  The stakes are high and the players are many.

Radicalization is a phased process in which an individual or a group embraces a radical ideology that can lead to an increased willingness to condone or use violence for political goals. The radicalization process is unique to each individual. Radicalism challenges the legitimacy of established norms and policies. It does not, in itself, lead to violence. Extremism is different from radicalism. Extremists accept violence as a legitimate means for obtaining political goals without necessarily exercising violence. Terrorism or violent extremism encompasses violent behaviors that originate in an ideology shared by a limited group of individuals. Violent extremism includes the willingness as well as training, preparation and the actual conduct of violent acts against civilians. Terrorists show a severe disconnects from society and tend to devalue or dehumanize their victims.

( European Forum for Restorative  Justice)  

What we see in Ethiopia today are signs of radicalization and extremism.

The number one driver ‘push factor’, to violent extremism is poverty and unemployment.  Poverty pushes people towards radical and extremist ideas and inequality makes the poor more receptive to violent propagandas.  The recruits of violent extremists are uneducated and unemployed and being radicalized is a response to a government or political system that they consider illegitimate and one that has not addressed their basic needs.  Social media drives radicalization. But it is the narratives of the extremist Oromo leaders that is the main factor in the creation of violent extremism. ‘Pull factors’ include the extremist leaders promising   material, emotional or other benefits specifically owning larger territories so far held  (according to their narratives) by the Amharas and other ethnic groups and controlling the political and economic power of the country. They promise to bring more prosperity and entitlements to the Oromo people. They play on their dreams, needs, their fears and fantasies. They make them feel that they will get whatever they want to.

The promises they make are based on false narratives of their history, a history that makes the Oromos the perpetual victims  of oppression and marginalization. This was partly true up until 1976 when the then government known as the “dergue” declared a radical land reform, which enabled the Oromos to be landowners. Since then the problems that the Oromos have faced were no different from what the rest of the population has endured.  But the extremist leaders continue coming up with narratives that infuriate and motivate the young, the poor, the ignorant and the restless to join their call for violence to achieve an incomprehensible goal.  They join these criminal   groups voluntarily owing to the appeal of a group-based identity,  poverty, perceptions of exclusion and cultural threats and  other real or perceived  grievances and  the promise of economic empowerment .  By holding a machete or an AK 47 and being able to use it at will with impunity gives them power and control over others. This also gives them an opportunity to rob people of their belongings. In the process the government looses complete control and the warlords take over areas with fierce battles over turf and followers.

This crisis is the making of the Prime Minister who is more of a showman and a stooge of extremists rather than a leader with substance and grand strategy for peace and development in Ethiopia and the region. His intention was to create a modified version of the current political system and create a perception of change and maintain the status quo in a disguised form. That approach did not work and has not been fully accepted even by his own constituency

This stalemate has  created a crisis which requires the urgent intervention of the AU, the United Nations, and the European Union to ensure stability in Ethiopia,  but more importantly to ensure regional stability and prevent violent extremism from taking over the country and the region with global security implications. The instability of a country with a population of over 100 million will have far reaching consequences on every country in the region; and Europe should be bracing for the migration of millions.

Commenting on the Burmese politician Aung San Suu’s Nobel Prize for Peace, Hamid Dabashi, the Hagop Kevorkian Professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative Literature at Columbia University, had this to say: “The widely documented slaughter of Muslims in Myanmar and Aung San Suu Kyi’s callous disregard for their fate and even possible political collusion with the mass murderers now leaves no doubt that even if she originally deserved the Nobel Peace Prize, she most certainly no longer does. The world at large cannot be at the mercy of the Nobel Peace Prize spectacle to bestow such spectacular honor on a person and then wash its hands of the subsequent actions of these people. “

The public relations skill of Prime Minster Abiy Ahmed and his pathological lies did not give space to the international community to see the magnitude of the crimes that are being committed by the government security forces and vigilante mobs which people believe is organized with the knowledge of PM Abiy Ahmed.   Professor Dabashi asks,  “ Does this shameless power monger deserve to carry the title of a “Nobel Peace Prize laureate? Today Aung San Suu Kyi must be the single most embarrassing name on the roster of the Nobel Peace Prize recipients.” Under siege and under fire, Ethiopians are asking this same question today about their leader, Abiy Ahmed, the winner of the 2019 Nobel  Prize for Peace.

This is an early warning for Africa, Europe and America to brace themselves  for the influx of millions of Ethiopians and others  in the region, fleeing  their countries to seek asylum and protection. People with no options will trek the Sahara once again and seek freedom and protection at the gates of Europe and dare the Mediterranean. 2016 proved a record year for persons who crossed an international border seeking humanitarian space. This year or next year this record could be broken when the political violence in the Horn of Africa triggers an unprecedented human tragedy unless necessary measures are taken to stop this madness in Ethiopia.

“ Twenty years after the Rwanda genocide, where “ the consequences of failing to heed the warning signs were monumentally horrifying” the world must respond early to the risk of mass atrocities amid mounting religious and ethnic polarization, “ a United Nations special event warned in 2014.

Is the world heeding this early warning or is it going to ignore it once again and allow a horrifying civil war, the likes of  which Africa has never experienced, emerge in Ethiopia? It can be stopped because most Ethiopians want peace and peaceful coexistence. Ethiopians expect the international community to live up to its words of “ Never Again” in the aftermath of the holocaust and the Rwandan genocide.

 

22 Responses to Violent Extremism and the Warning Signs of Civil War Ethiopia Today

  1. Oromophobia at its worst in Dawit Walde Giorgis who always preaches the return of Amhara domination.

    ወንድሜ እንደ አህያ ማናፋትህን ቀጥል። ኦሮሞ፤ እንደሆነ ወደ አባቶችህ ነፍጠኛ ስርኣት ላለመመለስ ቆርጦ ተነስቶኣል።

    Avatar for ujulu

    ujulu
    October 31, 2019 at 8:45 am
    Reply

  2. Son of Abamichu and other who instigate violence

    please stop killing innocent people!!!!!!!

    you look like you are inspired bythe story of Red Indians and others who get killed inhumanely to set up a new country such as US, newzeland, &Australia .

    We are not in a modern era. You cannot impose your culture and language like that sir. I donot insult you , beacuse I am not wild vagabond and savage killer.I donot adhere that answering back and forth will avail us.

    Please try to use your brain . Holding papers from US universities or other schools is nothing if you use it to conduct organized crime against non-oromos and any one who resist to accept your ideology.

    You must simply be proud of your own culture not a western identity .

    Personally, I do respect any ones culture and language , not by coercion as you are trying to put it here.

    “So please, don’t resist or else you will die painfully. Wats wrong if you become Oromo? That is what Medemer means. ” This is still a painful word for me , since it reminds me a person who donot regret for what he has done against fellow innocent people.

    If you are educated use your brain not a weapon against old men , kids, and women.

    run to get elected and win our vote and become our spokesperson but not a killer. THis message is to you and your felllow educated Oromos, brothers in the past !

    Avatar for sadik

    sadik
    October 31, 2019 at 9:24 am
    Reply

  3. መሪው መጋ ተከታዮ መንጋ ምን እንደሚፈልጉና ማን እንደሆነ መሪው የማይታወቅበት አገር ገና ሰው በቁሙ ይበላሉ።

    Avatar for Asto

    Asto
    October 31, 2019 at 3:32 pm
    Reply

  4. I wish this author stop using the slandering term ‘Oromo Extremists’. There are no as such Oromo extremists’. There are no ‘Amhara, Tigre, Afar, Somali or any other extremists. The extremists we see now wreaking havoc in the old country are demons that happened to have been born to Oromos, Amharas or whatever. I don’t claim them; My Oromos, Amharas and others have disowned them. I wish we keep ourselves guarded about what is coming out of mouths or we write just because we are overwhelmed by raw emotion following the macabre. You can do whatever you want with those savages but DO NOT CALL THEM OROMOS. They are ghouls whose past savagery gave me a sense of leaving in shame. They are nothing different than satanic grave robbers. It had angered me then and their latest barbaric acts angers me even more. So stop saying ‘Oromo extremists’!!!

    Avatar for Ittu Aba Farda

    Ittu Aba Farda
    October 31, 2019 at 6:17 pm
    Reply

  5. Jawar motivates the Oromo youth to educate ourselves , work hard , increase productivity and maintain our culture of good moral character. Jawar is the light we travel towards at the end of the tunnel . Jawar single handedly created livelihood for us. If given a chance his knowledge and willingness is enough for all of Africa.

    Avatar for Weraqsa

    Weraqsa
    October 31, 2019 at 9:32 pm
    Reply

  6. Please make that: ….a sense of living in shame…..

    Avatar for Ittu Aba Farda

    Ittu Aba Farda
    October 31, 2019 at 10:37 pm
    Reply

  7. ስማ Ujulu አህያማ ያንተ ነው : እንዳንተ ባለጌ ሆኜ አህያ .ያናፋብህ ልልህ እችል ነበር:: ለንግግርህ ለከት ይኑርህ : ሐቅ ካለህ እንደ አዋቂዎች በግብዣው መሰረት በሐሳብ ሞግት : ዝም ብለህ እዛ የለመድከውን ግፊያ እዚህ አደባባይ አታውጣው : በድጋሚ ባለማወቅህ ኦሮሞንን አታሳጣ :: ያነበብከው እንግሊዘኛውም አማርኛውም ካልገባህ ወዳጆችህን ጠይቅና ትረዳ : አለማወቅን ማወቅ ትልቅ እውቀት ነው :: በተረፈ አንተ ያስቀመጥካት አጭር መልክት ከፁሁፉ ጋር ምንም ግንኙነት የላትም : ንቀናታል::

    Avatar for ህላዊ

    ህላዊ
    November 1, 2019 at 2:23 am
    Reply

  8. ዕእንዳንተ ባለጌ ሆኜ አህያ።።።ዕብለሃል። በጄ ዕሆኜዕ የምትለዋ ቃል እዉነትም ህላዊ መሆንህን ያስታዉቃል። እኔ ግን ስለዳዊት ነዉ የጻፍኩት።

    ያም ሆነ ይህ በዘዉዱ ጊዜ ኤርትራ ስታገለግል ነገሮች ተባባሱ እንጂ መፍትሄ አላገኙም። አብዮቱ ሲፈነዳ ታገለግል የነበረዉን ዘዉድ ከድተህ ከመንግስቱ ጋር የቀይ ሽብርን ሰቀቀን ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ያለምንም ርህራሄ ደገስክ። ትንሽም ሳትቆይ ትልቅ ባላስልጣን ሁነህ ወደ ኤርትራ ተመለስክና በንጉሱ ጊዜ ያባባስከዉን ነገር ከድጡ ወደ ማጡ ቀየርከዉና እንደገና በሌላ ስልጣን አዲስ አበባ ተመልሰህ በውጭ ጉዳይና በእርዳታ ማስተባበሪያ እያለህ የተራበዉን ከመርዳት ይልቅ የምትወጣበትን መንገድ ማመቻቸት ጀመርክ። ይህን ሁሉ ካደረግህ ቦኋላ ፈረጣጥክና አሁንም ያለህፍረት ከደሙ ንጹህ ነኝ አልክ። ዶክቶር አብይ ወደ ስልጣን ሲመጣ ከሁሉም ቀድመህ እንደግፈዉ ብለህ ጥሩምባ ነፋህ። ስድስት ወር እንኳን ሳይቆይ በአብይና እርሱ በሚመራዉ መንግስት ላይ ዕየከቸፈ መንግስትዕ (ፋኢለድ ስታተ) ብለህ ዘመቻ ከፈትክና እነሆ ኢትዮጵያን ማተራመስ ጀመርክ።

    ጓድ ህላዊ ሆይ፦ ከዚህ የበለጠ ማናፋት የት አለ። ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ በህይወጥ (ኢን ዮኡር ሊፈ ቲመ) ባሳልፍካቸው ሶስት መንግስታት ዉስጥ በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ እየገባህ ታታራምሳለህ። ያንተ ሀሳብ ጥሩ ቢሆን ኖሮ ከሶስቱ ቢያንስ አንዱ መንግስት ይቀበለዉና የኢትዮጵያን ችግር ላንዴና ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ይቃላል ነበር። መቼ ነዉ አንድ ቀን ቆም ብለህ አስበህ ለምንድነዉ እኔ የምለዉ ነገር ለኢትዮጵያን ችግር የሚያባብስ እንጂ መፍትሄ ሊሆን ያልቻለዉ፧ ሰዉስ ለምን አልቀበል አለ፧ ብለህ ራስ ህን የምትገመግመዉ። ያንተ ስራ ለምን እንደ ወደል አህያ ሁልጊዜ ማናፋት ሆነ፧ አንተስ ለምን ዕድሜ ልክህን የፖሎቲካ ወራዳና ዉዳቂ ትሆናለህ፧ ሰዉ ከሰዉ፤ ከጓደኛና ከትምህርት ቤት ይማራል። በዕድሜና ከተሞክሮም ይማራል። አንተ ግን አሳዛኙ ፍጥረት ከዚህ ሁሉ አልተማርክም።

    አንድ ማወቅ ያለብህ ነገር በአሁኑ ጊዜ አሜሪካ ተቀምጠህ በኢትዮጵያ ችግር ላይ ጋስ የምታርከፈክፍ አንተ ነህ። ተጠያቂነት የመጣ ቀን መጀመሪያ ጀዋር ሳይሆን አንተ ነህ ፍርድ ቤት የምትቆመዉ። እንዲያዉም ከንጉሱ ጊዜ ጀምሮ ብዙ ብዙ የምታወራርድ ሂሳብ አለብህ። በነገራችን ላይ እኔ ታዋቂ ስለሆንኩ ስለ ጀዋር የምነገረዉን አሜሪካዉያን ይሰሙኛል፤ ይቀበሉኛል ብለህ ታስባለህ። በርግጥ የምትለዉን አንተ ባትለዉም ያዉቁታል። ያንተን እርዳታ አይፈልጉም። ግን ተስፋ ቁርጥ አይቀበሉህም። ቢቀበሉህማ ኖሮ ገደል ከከተትከዉ ቆየህ እኮ። እነርሱ ጀዋሪን ጠንቅቀው በድምብ ያዉቁታል።

    ለምከርህ ወንድሜ ማናፋትና ማተራመስ አቁም፤ ሰከን በል።

    Avatar for ujulu

    ujulu
    November 1, 2019 at 10:44 am
    Reply

  9. Thank you Mr. Dawit for shining light on darkness and evil, some demons are already crying and I can tell you are really hitting hard with truth.

    Avatar for Asnake Shimels Manyazewal

    Asnake Shimels Manyazewal
    November 1, 2019 at 11:14 am
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  10. Dear Shaleka Dawit,

    Almost eight months ago you wrote an article declaring that Ethiopia has become a failed state and was on the road to a civil war. Thankfully, since your assertions were not based on the proper analysis of the facts on the ground and the political actors at play, and despite serious issues that need to be addressed properly by the Ethiopian government, the country still has a functioning state and there is no looming civil war in the horizon.

    We can all agree that we have serious issues that need to be addressed, but such gloomy and apocalyptic declarations are not going to help one iota.

    I plead with you to look at your statements from eight months ago and now, and see the toxic hyperbole your writing is infused with when analyzing the obtaining reality in Ethiopia, and how counter productive and unhelpful it is.

    Sampler from your piece -April 2019

    ‘Ethiopia is a failed state by all indicators. The concern now is how intense and how tragic it is going to be.’

    ‘The central government has lost control of most of the regions and has not been able to perform the basic functions of a government.’

    ‘That is why the first and most palatable choice for the country is to for PM Abiy to resign and the EPRDF to select a leader who is non-Oromo and non-Amhara and lead the country to transition. If PM Abiy wants to save himself and the country the best exit for him is this option.’

    Sampler from your piece-October 2019

    ‘Ethiopia has definitely become a failed state’

    ‘Oromo extremists wanted to show the supremacy of their tribe in the most brutal way reminiscent of the Rwanda genocide’

    There are as many and perhaps more political prisoners in the cells across the country than the numbers of prisoners he released when he came to power two years ago

    This crisis is the making of the Prime Minister who is more of a showman and a stooge of extremists rather than a leader with substance and grand strategy for peace and development in Ethiopia and the region

    .
    The public relations skill of Prime Minster Abiy Ahmed and his pathological lies did not give space to the international community to see the magnitude of the crimes that are being committed by the government security forces and vigilante mobs which people believe is organized with the knowledge of PM Abiy Ahmed.

    This stalemate has created a crisis which requires the urgent intervention of the AU, the United Nations, and the European Union to ensure stability in Ethiopia…

    Avatar for Hailu Tesfaye

    Hailu Tesfaye
    November 1, 2019 at 1:23 pm
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  11. “እንዳንተ ባለጌ ሆኜ አህያ…” ብለሃል። በጄ “ሆኜ” የምትለዋ ቃል እዉነትም ህላዊ መሆንህን ያስታዉቃል። እኔ ግን ስለዳዊት ነዉ የጻፍኩት።

    ያም ሆነ ይህ በዘዉዱ ጊዜ ኤርትራ ስታገለግል ነገሮች ተባባሱ እንጂ መፍትሄ አላገኙም። አብዮቱ ሲፈነዳ ታገለግል የነበረዉን ዘዉድ ከድተህ ከመንግስቱ ጋር የቀይ ሽብርን ሰቀቀን ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ያለምንም ርህራሄ ደገስክ። ትንሽም ሳትቆይ ትልቅ ባላስልጣን ሁነህ ወደ ኤርትራ ተመለስክና በንጉሱ ጊዜ ያባባስከዉን ነገር ከድጡ ወደ ማጡ ቀየርከዉና እንደገና በሌላ ስልጣን አዲስ አበባ ተመልሰህ በውጭ ጉዳይና በእርዳታ ማስተባበሪያ እያለህ የተራበዉን ከመርዳት ይልቅ የምትወጣበትን መንገድ ማመቻቸት ጀመርክ። ይህን ሁሉ ካደረግህ ቦኋላ ፈረጣጥክና አሁንም ያለህፍረት ከደሙ ንጹህ ነኝ አልክ። ዶክቶር አብይ ወደ ስልጣን ሲመጣ ከሁሉም ቀድመህ እንደግፈዉ ብለህ ጥሩምባ ነፋህ። ስድስት ወር እንኳን ሳይቆይ በአብይና እርሱ በሚመራዉ መንግስት ላይ “የከቸፈ መንግስት” (failed state) ብለህ ዘመቻ ከፈትክና እነሆ ኢትዮጵያን ማተራመስ ጀመርክ።

    ጓድ ህላዊ ሆይ፦ ከዚህ የበለጠ ማናፋት የት አለ። ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ በህይወጥ (in your life time) ባሳልፍካቸው ሶስት መንግስታት ዉስጥ በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ እየገባህ ታታራምሳለህ። ያንተ ሀሳብ ጥሩ ቢሆን ኖሮ ከሶስቱ ቢያንስ አንዱ መንግስት ይቀበለዉና የኢትዮጵያን ችግር ላንዴና ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ይቃላል ነበር። መቼ ነዉ አንድ ቀን ቆም ብለህ አስበህ ለምንድነዉ እኔ የምለዉ ነገር ለኢትዮጵያን ችግር የሚያባብስ እንጂ መፍትሄ ሊሆን ያልቻለዉ፧ ሰዉስ ለምን አልቀበል አለ፧ ብለህ ራስ ህን የምትገመግመዉ። ያንተ ስራ ለምን እንደ ወደል አህያ ሁልጊዜ ማናፋት ሆነ፧ አንተስ ለምን ዕድሜ ልክህን የፖሎቲካ ወራዳና ዉዳቂ ትሆናለህ፧ ሰዉ ከሰዉ፤ ከጓደኛና ከትምህርት ቤት ይማራል። በዕድሜና ከተሞክሮም ይማራል። አንተ ግን አሳዛኙ ፍጥረት ከዚህ ሁሉ አልተማርክም።

    Avatar for ujulu

    ujulu
    November 1, 2019 at 4:43 pm
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  12. Continued…
    አንድ ማወቅ ያለብህ ነገር በአሁኑ ጊዜ አሜሪካ ተቀምጠህ በኢትዮጵያ ችግር ላይ ጋስ የምታርከፈክፍ አንተ ነህ። ተጠያቂነት የመጣ ቀን መጀመሪያ ጀዋር ሳይሆን አንተ ነህ ፍርድ ቤት የምትቆመዉ። እንዲያዉም ከንጉሱ ጊዜ ጀምሮ ብዙ ብዙ የምታወራርድ ሂሳብ አለብህ። በነገራችን ላይ እኔ ታዋቂ ስለሆንኩ ስለ ጀዋር የምነገረዉን አሜሪካዉያን ይሰሙኛል፤ ይቀበሉኛል ብለህ ታስባለህ። በርግጥ የምትለዉን አንተ ባትለዉም ያዉቁታል። ያንተን እርዳታ አይፈልጉም። ግን ተስፋ ቁርጥ አይቀበሉህም። ቢቀበሉህማ ኖሮ ገደል ከከተትከዉ ቆየህ እኮ። እነርሱ ጀዋሪን ጠንቅቀው በድምብ ያዉቁታል።

    ለምከርህ ወንድሜ ማናፋትና ማተራመስ አቁም፤ ሰከን በል።

    Avatar for ujulu

    ujulu
    November 1, 2019 at 4:45 pm
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  13. I also have a question for the author. What is the purpose of including the photo of Obbo Jawar dressed in attire most commonly associated with millions of the citizens of the old country while being accompanied with government provided security detail? What is his motive or his very message? The great patriot Ali Mirah used to don that attire. Many of our relatives do wear that and their dedication to the country as merchants and farmers has been unshakable. They will give you the shirt on their backs if they see you in need. What is wrong with being seen in that attire? What made that photo a hot pick to be used as an evidence? Evidence of what?

    The situation on many of us is really saddening. Living in comfy homes and at a safe distance from the chaos with a western country citizenship on our belts seems to give us this reckless sense of being at liberty to say anything. That is a disservice to that gem of the colored.

    So what is the idea?

    Avatar for Ittu Aba Farda

    Ittu Aba Farda
    November 1, 2019 at 10:16 pm
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  14. ፀሐፊዉ ዘረኛ ነዉ፡፡ ተዉ አንተ ሰዉዬ ወደ ገደል ትከተናለህ አመዛዝነህ ጻፍ ወይ ደግሞ ይቅርብህ! አብረን ተከባብረን ተቻችለን እንድንኖር ከፈለክ የኦሮሞን ሕዝብ÷ጀዋርንና የኦሮሞ ወጣትን ለቀቅ አድርግ፡፡ ምክንያቱም እናንቴ በ”ኢትዮጽያዊነት” ስም ጭቁኑን የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ እንደዱሮ “ቅኝ ግዛት” ውስጥ አሰገብታችሁ ልትገዙ ነዉ ይሄ ደግሞ በጭራሽ አይሆንም፡፡ ለሁሉም ዜጋዋ በእኩልነት የማትጠቅም ኢትዮጵያ ገደል ትግባ፡፡ ቅለህ ብላዉ፡፡ ጭፍን ጥላቻህ መጠፋፋት እንጂ አንዳችም የሚጠቅምህ ነገር የለዉም፡፡ ጀዋር ለኦሮሞ ብቻ ሳይሆን ለጨቁኑ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦች የነፃነት ምልክት ነው፡፡ There is no oromo extremism, please restrain yourself from using this word, as it implies the hate you have for oromo. Don’t write things from your own pocket, just wrjte the fact and reality. It seems just like you are campaigning against Jawar, oromo youth(qeerroo) and oromo as a whole.

    Avatar for Geme

    Geme
    November 2, 2019 at 3:41 am
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  15. “እንዳንተ ባለጌ ሆኜ አህያ…”ብለሃል። በጄ “ሆኜ” የምትለዋ ቃል እዉነትም ህላዊ መሆንህን ያስታዉቃል። እኔ ግን ስለዳዊት ነዉ የጻፍኩት።

    ያም ሆነ ይህ በዘዉዱ ጊዜ ኤርትራ ስታገለግል ነገሮች ተባባሱ እንጂ መፍትሄ አላገኙም። አብዮቱ ሲፈነዳ ታገለግል የነበረዉን ዘዉድ ከድተህ ከመንግስቱ ጋር የቀይ ሽብርን ሰቀቀን ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ያለምንም ርህራሄ ደገስክ። ትንሽም ሳትቆይ ትልቅ ባላስልጣን ሁነህ ወደ ኤርትራ ተመለስክና በንጉሱ ጊዜ ያባባስከዉን ነገር ከድጡ ወደ ማጡ ቀየርከዉና እንደገና በሌላ ስልጣን አዲስ አበባ ተመልሰህ በውጭ ጉዳይና በእርዳታ ማስተባበሪያ እያለህ የተራበዉን ከመርዳት ይልቅ የምትወጣበትን መንገድ ማመቻቸት ጀመርክ። ይህን ሁሉ ካደረግህ ቦኋላ ፈረጣጥክና አሁንም ያለህፍረት ከደሙ ንጹህ ነኝ አልክ። ዶክቶር አብይ ወደ ስልጣን ሲመጣ ከሁሉም ቀድመህ እንደግፈዉ ብለህ ጥሩምባ ነፋህ። ስድስት ወር እንኳን ሳይቆይ በአብይና እርሱ በሚመራዉ መንግስት ላይ “የከቸፈ መንግስት” (failed state) ብለህ ዘመቻ ከፈትክና እነሆ ኢትዮጵያን ማተራመስ ጀመርክ።

    ጓድ ህላዊ ሆይ! ከዚህ የበለጠ ማናፋት የት አለ። ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ በህይወትህ (in your life time) ባሳልፍካቸው ሶስት መንግስታት ዉስጥ በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ እየገባህ ታታራምሳለህ። ያንተ ሀሳብ ጥሩ ቢሆን ኖሮ ከሶስቱ ቢያንስ አንዱ መንግስት ይቀበለዉና የኢትዮጵያን ችግር ላንዴና ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ይቃላል ነበር። መቼ ነዉ አንድ ቀን ቆም ብለህ አስበህ ለምንድነዉ እኔ የምለዉ ነገር ለኢትዮጵያን ችግር የሚያባብስ እንጂ መፍትሄ ሊሆን ያልቻለዉ? ሰዉስ ለምን አልቀበል አለ? ብለህ ራስ ህን የምትገመግመዉ። ያንተ ስራ ለምን እንደ ወደል አህያ ሁልጊዜ ማናፋት ሆነ? አንተስ ለምን ዕድሜ ልክህን የፖሎቲካ ወራዳና ዉዳቂ ትሆናለህ? ሰዉ ከሰዉ፤ ከጓደኛና ከትምህርት ቤት ይማራል። በዕድሜና ከተሞክሮም ይማራል። አንተ ግን አሳዛኙ ፍጥረት ከዚህ ሁሉ አልተማርክም።

    አንድ ማወቅ ያለብህ ነገር በአሁኑ ጊዜ አሜሪካ ተቀምጠህ በኢትዮጵያ ችግር ላይ ጋስ የምታርከፈክፍ አንተ ነህ። ተጠያቂነት የመጣ ቀን መጀመሪያ ጀዋር ሳይሆን አንተ ነህ ፍርድ ቤት የምትቆመዉ። እንዲያዉም ከንጉሱ ጊዜ ጀምሮ ብዙ ብዙ የምታወራርድ ሂሳብ አለብህ። በነገራችን ላይ እኔ ታዋቂ ስለሆንኩ ስለ ጀዋር የምነገረዉን አሜሪካዉያን ይሰሙኛል፤ ይቀበሉኛል ብለህ ታስባለህ። በርግጥ የምትለዉን አንተ ባትለዉም ያዉቁታል። ያንተን እርዳታ አይፈልጉም። ግን ተስፋ ቁርጥ አይቀበሉህም። ቢቀበሉህማ ኖሮ ገደል ከከተትከዉ ቆየህ እኮ። እነርሱ ጀዋሪን ጠንቅቀው በድምብ ያዉቁታል።

    ልምከርህ ወንድሜ ማናፋትና ማተራመስ አቁም፤ ሰከን በል

    Avatar for ujulu

    ujulu
    November 2, 2019 at 10:20 am
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  16. Dear Major Dawit, I applaud you for an insightful and factual analysis. Many tries in vain to silence you from speaking truth to power and expose the Woyane Col. inability and incompetence and more importantly his narrow ethno nationalist tendencies that endanger the largest nation in the Horn of Africa. This loud mouths know the impact you have so please keep exposing. After all, it is the country for which you and your friends paid dearly as soldiers. You not only have a right to speak but a duty. I only wish others come out as you do and speak out. I applaud the former Prime Minister Tamirat Layne. We do expect a similar denunciation from Col Goshu Wolde too. Col. Goshu as many Ethiopians came out and supported Col Abiy when he came to power but that early support should not chain him to speak out in the face of such heinous atrocities. We support your struggle!

    Avatar for Zekarias Ezra

    Zekarias Ezra
    November 2, 2019 at 6:47 pm
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  17. Anyone opposing Jawar Mohammad is ” “neftegna”. Shaleka Dawit was one of the progressives who fought and eradicated the fuedal/neftegnas once and for all in the Ethiopian revolution of 1974. There was no neftegna during the Derg’s 17 years.
    So what is Jawar’s supporters talking about? What is behind this “neftegna” talk now in 2019?
    Jawar,”Tourist bla”. I think I know these “tourists”.

    Avatar for Seifu Mekuria

    Seifu Mekuria
    November 3, 2019 at 10:20 am
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  18. To Seifu Mekuria:

    Derg eradicated the Hailesselasie feudal and for 17 years preached socialism. Most Ethiopians were living life according to Derg Mengistu wishes whether they like it or not . Then TPLF took the country insisted that all ethnicities need to embrace their identities cultures of their ancestors, noone was let remain without being in some category of ethnicity , so according to the new TPLF demand all tried to go back to their proud heritage’s of their ancestors and act accordingly to the heritage they chose to embrace, which got TPLF “golden Tigraians” felt intimidated.

    Right away TPLF Meles designed an order to his EPRDFites mouthpieces such as Bereket Simon , Shiferaw Shigute , Hailemariam Fesalegn , ABA Dulla and alike to go mislead non tigre-Ethiopians into going to any of their negative pasts act accordingly instead of their positive pasts. That way only the criminals offsprings Tplfites seem worthy of grace and the rest be negative , now as a result there you find all the evil from all ethnicities past history roaming in the same time frame of 2019 with many of the younger generation unable to get out off Meles Zenawi’s ill wishes , that’s why I am not surprised of all the slurs being thrown around , I also know for a fact there are not only one but one million dollar millionaires who continue to drain the poor more than the Hailesselasie did, are proudly existing feudals in 2019 who got others with their same ethnic background called nephtegna.

    Avatar for Fikreaddis

    Fikreaddis
    November 4, 2019 at 7:40 pm
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  19. Advice to Dawit W/Giogris, the son of one of the renowned Neftegna is restlessly blaming the Oromo as his forefathers were doing. I think this is a disease he inherited from his forefathers. During the Derg region, he was one of the top officials working to eliminate freedom fighters. At the end of the Derg regime, he escaped to the western countries and leading a decent life. After EPRDF came to power, he was also quite for a long time and started giving some non-sense comments. After the people of the country including the Qeerroos and at the end the Fannos crumbled the TPLF regime, he quickly appreciated the fall of the TPLF assuming that his old Neftegan reigns. To this effect, he came to Addis and tried his best to hijack the revolution by influencing Abiy. His efforts were futile and he opted to return back to the west to openly speak and condemn the Abiy administration under the pretext of Oromo Extremism. He continued this for long in all his deliberations using different means. His attempt to create a new Ethiopian dominated by his Neftegna group will not come again whatsoever he tries. All the oppressed people of the country including innocent Amharas have no intention to return back to the old system he is dreaming day and night. My advice to this mad and non-sense old gay is to stop promoting conflict between the people of the country and simply wait for his death as he is approaching his 80s.

    Avatar for Badhoo Dhugaa

    Badhoo Dhugaa
    November 6, 2019 at 6:13 am
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  20. Confused Abyssinians! Neftegna means the rule by gun where everything a certain people has is taken by force and the locals were disowned everything – land, other properties, culture including religion, etc This system existed in this country before 1974, coming into power of Derg regime, that temporarily solved the entitlement to land and the indigenous people got relieved from the neftegan system.

    These days, what is prevailing is the that though the system didn’t practically existed, the idea of the neo-neftegans is widespread after the fall of the TFLF regime. The Neo-neftegans assumed to use this opportunity to get back to the neftegan system. This is what all progressive powers opposing in this country. It is promoted by certain Amhara elements only. These groups wanted to return back to the old Naftegan system where their language and culture, Orthodox Christian culture dominates the whole country. This is futile dream and they cannot achieve that. Their recent effort in Adama, Bishsoftu, Mojo and other Oromia towns reveals this. They got organized and armed themselves to kill Oromo Qeerroos and destroying Oromo property. For thise to happen, these extremist elements got support from their extremist groups living in this country and abroad. I think this is cursed moto to be promoted in the 21st century. They cannot kill Oromos as they did during the time of Minilik – the harka mura and harma mura Annole and Chalanqo massacre. The time is for equality and respect for each others culture and entitlement of Oromia belonging to Oromo people and the non-Oromos has full rights to live in Oromia and own property. To do these, non-oromos should need to respect the culture and law of the land. If not, it could be difficult to peacefully live together anymore. Understand!!

    Avatar for Badhoo

    Badhoo
    November 6, 2019 at 6:53 am
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  21. Bad-hooooo

    All what you vomited above is a lie. In fact, the term Neftegna refers to armed people who defend their land against interior and exterior enemies. Examples include, Balcha Aba Nefso, Abichu, Belay Zeleke. etc. Unfortunately, the descendants of these people in the name of OLF, OPDO, and korkoro kero are doing their best to destroy the country that has been defended by their forefathers. Worse than that, these traitors are killing Ethiopians in a manner worse than what fascist Italy did (dismembering bodies, dragging dead bodies, burning citizens alive, throwing citizens from mountain tops etc). When the time comes, you guys will pay for your evil actions.

    PROUD NEFTEGNA

    Avatar for Meseret

    Meseret
    November 6, 2019 at 3:31 pm
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  22. meseret and the rest so and so ,etc

    your English is improving . How long have you been in touch with your English teacher ? I am humbled and astonished with the progress you made . However, Your comments are still ethnic-based and full of crass. You are sick-minded.

    Donot worry , you will be diagnosed soon .

    Now, We Oromos are your hero and you have to start learning Afan Oromigna.Try to reconcile with yourself;Donot wage war on us and your own citizens while you are hiding yourself in cozy appartments.

    NO more argument on this matter.

    Avatar for Bishoftu

    Bishoftu
    November 9, 2019 at 5:57 am
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